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L    T     P    C
3    1      0    4

UNIT I           OPEN CHANNEL FLOW                                9
Open channel flow – Types and regimes of flow – Velocity distribution in open channel –
Wide  open  channel  –  Specific  energy  –  Critical  flow  and  its  computation  –  Channel

UNIT II          UNIFORM FLOW                                   9
Uniform   flow   –   Velocity   measurement   –   Manning’s   and   Chezy’s   formula   –
Determination of roughness coefficients – Determination of normal depth and velocity –
Most economical sections – Non-erodible channels.
UNIT III        VARIED FLOW                                       9
Dynamic  equations  of  gradually  varied  flow  –  Assumptions  –  Characteristics  of  flow
profiles  –  Draw  down  and  back  water  curves  –  Profile  determination  –  Graphical
integration, direct step and standard step method – Flow through transitions –  Hydraulic
jump – Types – Energy dissipation – Surges.

UNIT IV        PUMPS                                                      9
Centrifugal  pump  –  Minimum  speed  to  start  the  pump  –  Multistage  Pumps  –  Jet  and
submersible pumps – Positive displacement pumps – Reciprocating pump – Negative slip
– Flow separation conditions – Air vessels – Indicator diagram and its variation – Savings
in work done – Rotary pumps.

UNIT V          TURBINES                                   9
Turbines – Draft tube and cavitations – Application of momentum principle – Impact of
jets on plane and curved plates – Turbines – Classification – Radial flow turbines – Axial
flow turbines – Impulse and Reaction.
L: 45 T: 15 Total: 60
1.        Bansal, R.K., "Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines", Laxmi Publishing Pvt
Ltd, 2007.
2.        Subramanya,  K.,  "Flow  in  Open  Channels",  Tata  McGraw-Hill  Publishing
Company, 1994.

1.         Jain,  A.K.,  "Fluid  Mechanics  (including  Hydraulic  Machines)",  8th  Edition,
Khanna  Publishers, 1995.
2.         Ranga Raju, K.G., “Flow Through Open Channels”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1985.
3.        Modi,  P.N.  and  Seth,  S.M.,  “Hydraulic  and  Fluid  Mechanics”,  Standard  Book    
House,  2000

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I am Thomas Britto here to share my experiences in the civil engineering field to all my readers.Today many students are struggling to buy books at high prices. So I decided to start a blog and share my experience and knowledge with all my readers.

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