Beam type bridge
The Beam TypeThe beam type of bridge is by farthe simplest. The beam type of bridge is also the most common. You probably see beam bridges often. A beam bridge is just a beam supported by pillars or columns. (See figure.)Materials and ConstructionBeam bridges are commonly built from concrete. Clickherefor information on concrete.Beam bridges are also made ofsteel, or a mixture of steel and concrete. They often are made in sections, or boxes, where they are attached at the site of the bridge. The boxes are made out of steel and concrete or just concrete.Steel beams and boxesModern steel beam bridges are usually made section-by-section and then they are transferred tothe site of the bridge and weldedtogether. They are attached to the supports. It is very costly to maintain a steel beam bridge. The boxes are made in a trapezoid shape, so that wind harmlessly passes under the boxes.Here are the steps used in building a steel beam/box bridge:1.The box is wheeled out next to the V-frame.2.The box is transferred to the V-frame, where it is brought out to the launching girder. (SeeDiagram 1.)3.The launching girder is lowered via rods, and the box is welded to the previous box (or connected to the ground.)4.The launching girder is moved forward.5.Step 3 and 4 repeat themselvesuntil the next box will touch thesupport.6.The box that will touch the support will be put in place. The beam will most likely be sagging, so the next beam must be fitted in place to eliminate the sagging before being welded.7.The box which touches the support is welded.8.The whole sequence will repeat if there are many supports on the bridge.Concrete beamsThis is the most common type of bridge. The concrete beam is versatile and does not require much maintenance. Concrete beams contain large amounts of steel inside of them. None of this steel is exposed. The supports that hold up the sections are made at the site of the bridge.Navigation
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