Structural Engineer’s Book

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Structural Engineer’s Book


Contents

1 General Information

Metric system 1
Typical metric units for UK structural 2
engineering
Imperial units 3
Conversion factors 4
Measurement of angles 5
Construction documentation and procurement 6
Drawing conventions 8
Common arrangement of work sections 10
Summary of ACE conditions of engagement 11

2 Statutory Authorities and Permissions

Planning 13
Building regulations and standards 14
Listed buildings 17
Conservation areas and Tree preservation orders 18
Archaeology and ancient monuments 19
Party Wall etc. Act 21
CDM 24

3 Design Data

Design data checklist 25
Structural form, stability and robustness 26
Structural movement joints 29
Fire resistance periods for structural elements 30
Typical building tolerances 31
Historical use of building materials 32
Typical weights of building materials 34
Minimum imposed floor loads 38
Typical unit floor and roof loadings 41
Wind loading 43
Barrier and handrail loadings 44Selection of materials 46
Selection of floor construction 47
Transportation 48
Temporary works toolkit 52

4 Basic and Shortcut Tools for Structural

Analysis
Load factors and limit states 55
Geometric section properties 56
Parallel axis theorem and Composite sections 60
Material properties 61
Coefficients of linear thermal expansion 64
Coefficients of friction 65
Sign conventions 66
Beam bending theory 67
Deflection limits 68
Beam bending and deflection formulae 69
Clapeyron’s equations of three moments 76
Continuous beam bending formulae 78
Struts 79
Rigid frames under lateral loads 81
Plates 84
Torsion 88
Taut wires, cables and chains 89
Vibration 91

5 Geotechnics

Geotechnics 92
Selection of foundations and retaining walls 93
Site investigation 94
Soil classification 95
Typical soil properties 96
Preliminary sizing 100
Trees and shallow foundations 109
Contamined land 113

6 Timber and Plywood

Timber 117
Timber section sizes 119
Laminated timber products 120
Durability and fire resistance 122
Preliminary sizing of timber elements 125
Timber design to BS 5268 127
Timber joints 135

7 Masonry

Masonry 141
Geometry and arrangement 143
Durability and fire resistance 147
Preliminary sizing of masonry elements 148
Masonry design to BS 5628 152
Masonry design to CP111 166
Lintel design to BS 5977 168
Masonry accessories 170

8 Reinforced Concrete

Reinforced concrete 175
Concrete mixes 177
Durability and fire resistance 179
Preliminary sizing of concrete elements 180
Reinforcement 182
Concrete design to BS 8110 185
Reinforcement bar bending to BS 8666 205
Reinforcement estimates 207

9 Structural Steel

Structural steel 208
Mild steel section sizes and tolerances 210
Slenderness 239
Durability and fire resistance 242
Preliminary sizing of steel elements 246
Steel design to BS 5950 249
Steel design to BS 449 261
Stainless steel to BS 5950 269

10 Composite Steel and Concrete

Composite steel and concrete 275
Preliminary sizing of composite elements 277
Composite design to BS 5950 281

11 Structural Glass

Structural glass 284
Typical glass section sizes and thicknesses 287
Durability and fire resistance 288
Typical glass sizes for common applications 289
Structural glass design 291
Connections 293

12 Building Elements, Materials, Fixings

and Fastenings
Waterproofing 295
Basement waterproofing 296
Screeds 299
Precast concrete hollowcore slabs 300
Bi-metallic corrosion 301
Structural adhesives 302
Fixings and fastenings 304
Cold weather working 307
Effect of fire on construction materials 308
Aluminium 310

13 Useful Mathematics 

Useful Addresses 320
Further Reading 331
Sources 336

Note:

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