AutoCAD Workbook for Architects and Engineers

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AutoCAD Workbook for Architects and Engineers


Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Using this Book
Disks and File Storage
Starting AutoCAD
Keyboard and Mouse Functions
Function Buttons
Entering Commands and Coordinates
Windows Toolbars
Scroll Bars
Opening or Accessing Drawings
Exiting AutoCAD
Options Dialog Box
Introductory Geometry and Setting Up
Starting a Drawing in Metric or Imperial
The UNITS Command
Choosing the Origin
Using PAN to get Started
The LIMITS Command
Entry ofPoints
Coordinate Entry using Absolute, Relative, and Polar Values
Coordinate Entry using SNAP, ORTHO, POlAR and DYNAMIC
Geometry Commands
View Commands
Alternate Units
Using Draw Commands and Limits
Using Draw Commands without Limits
Units Practice 1
Units Practice 2
Practice
Exercise 1 Architectural 26
Exercise 1 Mechanical 27
Exercise 1 Woodwork 28

2 Help Files, OSNAP, OTRACK, BREAK, TRIM, and ERASE 

Understanding Command Strings 30
Object SNAPs 32
OTRACK 35
BREAK, TRIM, and ERASE 36
GRIPS 37
ERASE with Window and Crossing 37
UNDO and REDO 37
Tutoria12a Using SNAP, OSNAP, and TRIM 38
Tutoria12b Using OSNAP and OTRACK 42
Exercise 2 Practice 45
Exercise 2 Architectural 46
Exercise 2 Mechanical 47
Exercise 2 Challenger 48

3 Object Selection and Modify Commands 

Selecting Objects Within the Modify Commands 49
Modify Commands 51
Editing with Grips 56
Setting LINETYPEs 58
Changing LTSCALE 58
Tutoria13a Using ROTATE, COPY, and MIRROR 59
Tutoria13b Using ROTATE, COPY, and MIRROR 61
Exercise 3 Practice 64
Exercise 3 Architectural 65
Exercise 3 Mechanical 66
Exercise 3 Challenger 67

4 STRETCH, TRIM, EXTEND, OFFSET, and ARRAY 

Removing and Adding Objects 69
More Modify Commands 70
Tutoria14 Modify Commands 80
Exercise4a Practice 83
Exercise4b Practice 84
Exercise 4 Architectural 85
Exercise4a Mechanical 86
Exercise4b Mechanical 87
Exercise 4 Challenger 88

5 Entity Commands with Width 

The PUNE Command 89
The PEDIT Command 92
The POLYGON Command 94
The SOLID Command 95
The DONUT Command
The TEXT Command
Multilines
Tutorial 5 Using PLiNE and SOLID
Exercise 5 Practice
Exercise 5 Architectural
Exercise 5 Mechanical
Exercise 5 Wood
Exercise 5 Challenger

6 Entity Properties: Layers, Colors, and Linetypes

About LAYERs
Creating aNew Layer
Changing LTSCALE
Match Properties and CHPROP
Layer Filtering
Tutorial 6 Layers, Colors, and Linetypes
Exercise 6 Practice
Exercise 6 Architectural
Exercise 6 Mechanical
Exercise 6 Challenger

7 Dimensioning

About Dimensioning
Entering Dimensions
Dimension Styles
The Text Tab
The Fit Tab
The Primary Units Tab
The Alternate Units Tab
The Symbols and Arrows Tab
Saving Dimension Styles
Editing Dimensions
Tutorial7a Dimensioning for Mechanical Applications
Tutorial7b Dimensioning for Architectural Applications
Exercise 7 Practice
Exercise 7 Architectural
Exercise 7 Mechanical
Exercise 7 Wood
Exercise 7 Challenger

8 Text and Pictorial Views

Linear Text
Paragraph Text
Text Styles and Fonts
Editing Text
Using LEADER to Create Notations
SNAP and GRID
Tutoria18a Using Text and Text Styles
Tutorial8b Using Rotated SNAP and GRID to make a 2D Isometric 155
Exercise 8 Practice 159
Exercise 8 Architectural 160
Exercise 8 Mechanical 161
Exercise 8 Wood Millwork 162
Exercise 8 Challenger 164

9 HATCH, SKETCH, and GRADIENTS 

The BHATCH Command 165
Solid Hatches
Editing Hatches
The SKETCH Command 170
Gradient 171
Tutorial 9 HATCH 172
Exercise 9 Practice 175
Exercise 9 Architectural 176
Exercise 9 Wood Millwork 177
Exercise 9 Mechanical 178
Exercise 9 Challenger 180

10 Blocks and Wblocks 

Using Blocks 181
The BLOCK Command 181
The INSERT Command 182
External Blocks 183
The WBLOCK Command 184
CopylPaste 185
The MINSERT Command 186
Editing Blocks 186
Blocks, Wblocks, Color, and Layers 187
Tutorial 10 BLOCK, WBLOCK, INSERT, and Copy/Paste 189
Exercise 10 Practice 192
Exercise 10 Mechanical ]93
Exercise 1Oa Architectural 194
Exercise lOb Architectural 195
Exercise 10 Challenger 196

11 Setting Up Drawings and Plotting 

Set Up and Scale for Simple 2D Drawings 197
Using Blocks to Compile Drawings 199
View Titles and Drawing-Related Notations 202
Importing Notations 203
Using Lineweights 204
Plotting 204
Tutorial 11 a Imperial Example 207
Tutorial!!b Metric Example 210
Exercise 11 Practice 213
Exercise 11 Architectural 214
Exercise 11 Mechanical 215
Exercise 11 Challenger 216

12 Paper Space for 2 Dimensional Drawings 

Paper Space 217
Accessing Paper Space 218
Scaling Views Within a Drawing 220
Layers Within Viewports 221
The VPLAYER Command 222
Dimensioning in Paper Space 222
AutoCAD~s Template Drawings 223
Tutoriall2a Imperial Example 224
Tutoria112b Metric Example 229
Exercise 12 Practice 236
Exercise 12 Architectural 237
Exercise 12 Mechanical 238
Exercise 12 Wood 239
Exercise 12 Challenger 240

13 POINTS, DIVIDE, MEASURE, and Inquiry Commands 

Points, Point Display and Point Size Options 241
Using DIVIDE and MEASURE 242
The SPLINE Command 245
Inquiry Commands 246
Tutorial13a Inquiry Commands and SPLINE 2
Tutorial13b MEASURE and DIVIDE with Inquiry Commands 255
Exercise 13 Practice 257
Exercise 13 Architectural 258
Exercise 13 Mechanical 259
Exercise 13 Challenger 260

14 Attributes 

Introduction 261
Attributes for Title Blocks and Notations 261
Defining the Attributes 262
Editing Attribute Definitions 263
Displaying Attributes 265
Creating Attributes for Data Extraction 265
Editing Attributes 266
Data Extraction 267
Tutorial14a Attributes for a Title Block 268
Tutorial14b Defining, Blocking, and Inserting Attributes 271
Tutorial14c Defining, Blocking, and Inserting Attributes 276
Exercise 14 Architectural 277
Exercise 14 Challenger 278

Note:

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