Estimating in Building Construction, 7th Edition

By
Advertisement Flower

Estimating in Building Construction, 7th Edition


vii
CONTENTS
c h a p t e r 1
INTRODUCTION TO ESTIMATING  1
1–1 General Introduction  1
1–2 Types of Estimates  2
Detailed Estimate   2
Assembly Estimating   2
Square-Foot Estimates   3
Parametric Estimates   3
Model Estimating   3
Project Comparison Estimates   4
1–3 Estimating Opportunities  4
1–4 The Estimator  6
1–5 Quantity Surveying  7
1–6 Types of Bids  7
1–7 Contract Documents  7
1–8 Bidding Information  8
1–9 Availability of Contract Documents  8
1–10 Sources of Estimating 
Information  9
Web Resources  10
Review Questions  10
c h a p t e r 2
CONTRACTS, BONDS, AND INSURANCE  11
2–1 The Contract System  11
2–2 Types of Agreements  11
Lump-Sum Agreement (Stipulated Sum, 
Fixed Price)   12
Unit-Price Agreement   12
Cost-Plus-Fee Agreements   13
2–3 Agreement Provisions  13
2–4 Bonds  14
Bid Bond   15
Performance Bond   15
Labor and Material Bond   15
2–5 Obtaining Bonds  15
2–6 Insurance  16
Web Resources  17
Review Questions  17
c h a p t e r 3
PROJECT MANUAL  18
3–1 Introduction  18
3–2 Construction Specifications 
Institute  18
3–3 Invitation to Bid (Advertisement 
for Bids)  21
3–4 Instruction to Bidders (Information 
for Bidders)  22
3–5 Bid (Proposal) Forms  24
3–6 Form of Owner/Contractor 
Agreement  24
3–7 General Conditions  24
3–8 Supplementary General 
Conditions  24
3–9 Specifications  25
3–10 Alternates  253–11 Addenda  25
3–12 Errors in the Specifications  26
Web Resources  27
Review Questions  27
c h a p t e r 4
THE ESTIMATE  28
4–1 Organization  28
4–2 Planning the Estimate  28
4–3 Notebook  28
4–4 To Bid or Not to Bid  29
4–5 The Estimate  29
4–6 Site Investigation  31
4–7 Specialty Contractors  32
4–8 Materials  33
4–9 Workup Sheets  33
4–10 Summary Sheet  34
4–11 Errors and Omissions  36
Web Resources  37
Review Questions  37
c h a p t e r 5
COMPUTERS IN ESTIMATING  38
5–1 Overview  38
5–2 Benefits and Dangers of Computerized
Estimating  38
5–3 Spreadsheets  39
5–4 Specialized Estimating 
Software  39
5–5 Takeoff Software  40
Web Resources  42
Review Questions  42
c h a p t e r 6
OVERHEAD AND CONTINGENCIES  43
6–1 Overhead  43
6–2 Home Office Overhead  43
6–3 Job Overhead (General Conditions,
Direct Overhead)  45
6–4 Scheduling  47
6–5 Contingencies  48
6–6 Checklist  48
Undistributed Labor   48
Temporary Buildings, Enclosures, and 
Facilities   48
Temporary Office   49
Barricades and Signal Lights   49
Temporary Utilities   50
Repairs and Protection   50
Relocating Utilities   50
Cleaning   50
Permits   50
Professional Services   51
Labor Burdens and Taxes   51
Bonds and Insurance   51
Miscellaneous Equipment and 
Services   51
Web Resources  51
Review Questions  51
c h a p t e r 7
LABOR  53
7–1 Labor Hours and 
Productivity  53
7–2 Unions—Wages and Rules  56
7–3 Open Shop  57
7–4 Labor Burden  57
7–5 Pricing Labor  59
Web Resources  60
Review Questions  60
c h a p t e r 8
EQUIPMENT  61
8–1 General  61
8–2 Operating Costs  61
8–3 Depreciation  62
8–4 Interest  62
8–5 Ownership Costs  63
8–6 Rental Costs  64
8–7 Miscellaneous Tools  64
8–8 Cost Accounting  64
8–9 Mobilization  64
8–10 Checklist  65
Review Questions  65
viii        CONTENTSc h a p t e r 9
EXCAVATION  66
9–1 General  66
9–2 Specifications  66
9–3 Soil  66
9–4 Calculating Excavation  66
9–5 Equipment  67
9–6 Earthwork—New Site Grades and 
Rough Grading  67
Cross-Section Method   69
Average End Area   76
9–7 Perimeter and Area  78
9–8 Topsoil Removal  79
9–9 General Excavation  81
9–10 Special Excavation  85
9–11 Backfilling  85
9–12 Excess and Borrow  87
9–13 Spreading Topsoil, Finish 
Grade  87
9–14 Landscaping  87
9–15 Pumping (Dewatering)  88
9–16 Rock Excavation  88
9–17 Subcontractors  88
9–18 Excavation Checklist  88
9–19 Piles  89
9–20 Pile Checklist  90
9–21 Asphalt Paving  90
Web Resources  91
Review Questions  91
c h a p t e r 10
CONCRETE  92
10–1 Concrete Work  92
10–2 Estimating Concrete  92
10–3 Reinforcing  100
10–4 Vapor Retarder  107
10–5 Accessories  108
10–6 Concrete Finishing  108
10–7 Curing  110
10–8 Transporting Concrete  111
10–9 Forms  111
10–10 Form Liners  113
10–11 Checklist  114
10–12 Precast Concrete  114
10–13 Specifications  115
10–14 Estimating  115
10–15 Precast Tees  116
10–16 Precast Slabs  116
10–17 Precast Beams and 
Columns  117
10–18 Miscellaneous Precast  117
10–19 Precast Costs  117
10–20 Precast Checklist  118
Web Resources  118
Review Questions  118
c h a p t e r 11
MASONRY  119
11–1 General  119
11–2 Specifications  119
11–3 Labor  119
11–4 Bonds (Patterns)  119
11–5 Concrete Masonry  120
Concrete Block   120
11–6 Specifications—Concrete 
Masonry  122
11–7 Estimating—Concrete Masonry  122
11–8 Clay Masonry  125
11–9 Specifications—Brick  125
11–10 Estimating Brick  126
11–11 Specifications—Tile  128
11–12 Estimating Tile  128
11–13 Stone Masonry  128
11–14 Specifications—Stone  128
11–15 Estimating Stone  128
11–16 Mortar  129
11–17 Accessories  129
11–18 Reinforcing Bars  133
11–19 Cleaning  133
11–20 Equipment  134
CONTENTS        ix11–21 Cold Weather  134
11–22 Subcontractors  134
11–23 Checklist  135
Web Resources  135
Review Questions  135
c h a p t e r 12
METALS  136
12–1 General  136
12–2 Structural Metal  136
12–3 Structural Metal Framing  136
12–4 Metal Joists  138
12–5 Metal Decking  142
12–6 Miscellaneous Structural 
Metal  143
12–7 Metal Erection Subcontractors  143
12–8 Miscellaneous Metals  143
12–9 Metal Checklist  144
Web Resources  144
Review Questions  144
c h a p t e r 13
WOOD  145
13–1 Frame Construction  145
13–2 Board Measure  145
13–3 Floor Framing  146
13–4 Wall Framing  156
Exterior Walls   156
Interior Walls   163
13–5 Ceiling Assembly  164
13–6 Roof Assembly  166
13–7 Trim  169
13–8 Labor  169
13–9 Wood Systems  170
13–10 Wood Trusses  170
13–11 Laminated Beams and 
Arches  172
13–12 Wood Decking  172
13–13 Plywood Systems  173
13–14 Wood Checklist  173
Web Resources  174
Review Questions  174
c h a p t e r 14
THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION  175
14–1 Waterproofing  175
14–2 Membrane Waterproofing  175
14–3 Integral Method  176
14–4 Metallic Method  177
14–5 Dampproofing  177
14–6 Painting Method  177
14–7 Parging (Plastering)  178
14–8 Insulation  178
14–9 Roofing  180
14–10 Roof Areas  180
14–11 Shingles  181
Asphalt Shingles   181
Wood Shingles   181
14–12 Built-Up Roofing  182
14–13 Corrugated Sheets (Including 
Ribbed, V-Beam)  183
14–14 Metal Roofing  183
14–15 Slate  183
14–16 Tile  183
14–17 Sheets, Tile, and Shingles 
Formula  184
14–18 Liquid Roofing  184
14–19 Flashing  184
14–20 Insulation  184
14–21 Roofing Trim  184
14–22 Labor  185
14–23 Equipment  185
14–24 Checklist  185
Web Resources  185
Review Questions  185
c h a p t e r 15
DOORS AND WINDOWS  186
15–1 Window and Curtain Wall 
Frames  186
15–2 Accessories  189
x CONTENTS15–3 Doors  190
15–4 Prefitting and Machining 
(Premachining) Doors  192
15–5 Prefinishing Doors  192
15–6 Door Frames  193
15–7 Hardware  194
15–8 Accessories  194
15–9 Checklist for Doors and 
Frames  194
15–10 Glass  194
Review Questions  195
c h a p t e r 16
FINISHES  196
16–1 Drywall and Wetwall 
Construction  196
16–2 Supporting 
Construction  196
16–3 Suspended Ceiling 
Systems  199
16–4 Types of Assemblies  199
16–5 Wallboard Types  200
16–6 Drywall Partitions  201
16–7 Column Fireproofing  201
16–8 Accessories  201
16–9 Wetwall Construction  203
16–10 Plaster  204
16–11 Lath  205
16–12 Accessories  207
16–13 Drywall and Wetwall 
Checklist  207
16–14 Flooring  207
Wood Flooring   207
Laminate Flooring   208
Resilient Flooring   208
Carpeting   210
Tile   211
16–15 Painting  211
16–16 Floors and Painting 
Checklist  212
Web Resources  212
Review Questions  213
c h a p t e r 17
ELECTRICAL  214
17–1 Electrical Work  214
17–2 Single Contracts  214
17–3 Separate Contracts  215
17–4 Coordination Requirements  215
17–5 Checklist  215
Review Questions  217
c h a p t e r 18
PLUMBING  218
18–1 Plumbing Work  218
18–2 Single Contracts  218
18–3 Separate Contracts  220
18–4 Coordination Requirements  220
18–5 Checklist  220
Review Questions  220
c h a p t e r 19
HEATING, VENTILATING, AND AIR-
CONDITIONING  221
19–1 HVAC Work (Heating, Ventilating, and
Air-Conditioning)  221
19–2 Single Contracts  221
19–3 Separate Contracts  221
19–4 Coordination Requirements  221
19–5 Checklist  222
Review Questions  223
c h a p t e r 20
PROFIT  224
20–1 Profit  224
Review Questions  225
c h a p t e r 21
OTHER ESTIMATING METHODS  226
21–1 Overview  226
21–2 Project Comparison Method  226
21–3 Square-Foot Estimating  227
21–4 Assembly Estimating  230
Web Resources  232
Review Questions  232
CONTENTS        xiAppendix A  Drawings and Outline 
Specifications for Small 
Commercial Building  233
Appendix B  Drawings and Outline 
Specifications for Residential 
Building Project  235
Appendix C  Drawings and Outline 
Specifications for Commercial 
Building Project  236
Appendix D  Common Terms Used in the 
Building Industry  238
Appendix E  Conversions  243
Appendix F  Billy’s C-Store  245
Appendix G  WinEst Software and 
Spreadsheets  246
INDEX  261
xii         CONTENTS




Flower
Post a Comment
Powered by Blogger.
Don't Forget To Join US Our Community
×
Widget