CIVIL ENGINEERING COMPETITIVE QUESTIONS

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CIVIL ENGINEERING COMPETITIVE QUESTIONS



CIVIL ENGINEERING COMPETITIVE QUESTIONS  

S.No.  Question        

1         Concrete contains  
           (i)Siliceous aggregates, having higher coefficient of expansion        
           (ii)Igneous aggregates, having intermediate coefficient of expansion
           (iii)Lime stones, having lowest coefficient of expansion          
           [ A ]    i and iii
           [ B ]    ii and iii
           [ C ]    i and ii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : D    
2         Select the incorrect statement      
           [ A ]    R.C.C has better fire resistance than steel
           [ B ]    R.C.C. structure is economical than steel structure
           [ C ]    Strength of concrete decreases as age increases
           [ D ]    R.C.C can be used for under water and marine structures
           Answer : C    
3         Water cement ratio is the ratio of  
           [ A ]    Water to cement by weight
           [ B ]    Water to cement by volume
           [ C ]    Cement to water by weight
           [ D ]    Cement to water by volume
           Answer : A    
4         Concrete is  
           [ A ]    Weak in tension
           [ B ]    Strong in tension
           [ C ]    Strong in both tension and compression
           [ D ]    Weak in compression
           Answer : A    
5         The entrained air in concrete        
           [ A ]    Increases the strength
           [ B ]    Decreases the resistance to weathering
           [ C ]    Increases the workability
           [ D ]    Decreases the workability
           Answer : C    

6         Concrete is unsuitable for compaction by vibration if it is        
           [ A ]    Semi – plastic
           [ B ]    Plastic
           [ C ]    Earth moist
           [ D ]    Dry
           Answer : B    
7         The strength and quality of concrete depends upon    
           (i)Grading of aggregates    
           (ii)Shape of aggregates      
           (iii)Surface area of aggregates    
           (iv)Surface texture of aggregates  
           [ A ]    i, ii and iv
           [ B ]    ii, iii and iv
           [ C ]    i, iii and iv
           [ D ]    i, ii, iii and iv
           Answer : D    
8         In order to avoid segregation, fresh concrete should be dropped from a height of  
           [ A ]    Less than one meter
           [ B ]    Less than two metres
           [ C ]    More than one metre
           [ D ]    More than two metres
           Answer : A    
9         The process of hardening of concrete in the presence of water is called    
           [ A ]    Creep
           [ B ]    Hydration
           [ C ]    Shrinkage
           [ D ]    Curing
           Answer : B    
10       The process of keeping the concrete structure moist is called
           [ A ]    Hydration
           [ B ]    Curing
           [ C ]    Creep
           [ D ]    Shrinkage
           Answer : B    
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11       The separation of water or water cement mixture from the freshly laid concrete is known as
           
           [ A ]    Workability
           [ B ]    Segregation
           [ C ]    Bleeding
           [ D ]    Creep
           Answer : C    
12       The continuous strain, which the concrete undergoes due to application of external loads is
called
           [ A ]    Creep
           [ B ]    Bleeding
           [ C ]    Workability
           [ D ]    Segregation
           Answer : A    
13       The process of conversion of plastic concrete to solid stage is called          
           [ A ]    Hydration
           [ B ]    Hardening
           [ C ]    Setting
           [ D ]    Curing
           Answer : C    
14       At 28 days of curing concrete attains a strength of      
           [ A ]    20 to 25%
           [ B ]    60 to 70%
           [ C ]    65 to 80%
           [ D ]    90 to 95%
           Answer : D    
15       In a mass concrete, the aggregates occupy a space of          
           [ A ]    25%
           [ B ]    75%
           [ C ]    40%
           [ D ]    60%
           Answer : B    
16       The coarse aggregate which possess the property of good interlocking are
           [ A ]    rounded shape
           [ B ]    elongated shape
           [ C ]    angular shape
           [ D ]    none of the above
           Answer : C    

17       While placing of concrete the thickness of each layer for R.C.C. is  
           [ A ]    150 to 300 mm
           [ B ]    450 mm
           [ C ]    500 to 750 mm
           [ D ]    500 mm
           Answer : A    
18       Increase in water content in a cement concrete
           (i) Increases workability    
           (ii) Increases the strength  
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    ii
           [ C ]    both (i) and (ii)
           [ D ]    neither (i) nor (ii)
           Answer : A    
19       Slump cone test is used to determine    
           [ A ]    Shrinkage of concrete mix
           [ B ]    Creep of concrete
           [ C ]    Workability of concrete mix
           [ D ]    Soundness of concrete
           Answer : C    
20       While determining the workability of concrete mix, the compaction factor test is ------than the
slump cone test      
           [ A ]    Less accurate
           [ B ]    More accurate
           [ C ]    Approximate method
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B    
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21       Workability of concrete mix with low water cement ratio is determined by    
           [ A ]    Tensile strength test
           [ B ]    Slump cone test
           [ C ]    Compaction factor test
           [ D ]    Flexural strength test
           Answer : C    
22       If the slump of a concrete mix is 50 to 100 mm, its workability is      
           [ A ]    Very low
           [ B ]    Low
           [ C ]    Medium
           [ D ]    High
           Answer : C    
23       A compaction factor of 0.75 indicates ________workability    
           [ A ]    Very low
           [ B ]    Low
           [ C ]    Medium
           [ D ]    High
           Answer : A    
24       Shrinkage in concrete can be reduced by using
           (i) Low water cement ratio (ii) More amount of cement in the concrete        
           (iii) Presaturated aggregates        
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    i and ii
           [ C ]    i and iii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : C    
25       The process of proper and accurate measurement of concrete ingredients for uniformity of
proportion, is known as      
           [ A ]    Curing
           [ B ]    Mixing
           [ C ]    Grading
           [ D ]    Batching
           Answer : D    
26       Select incorrect statement from the following    
           [ A ]    With passage of time, the strength of cement decreases
           [ B ]    With passage of time, the strength of cement increases
           [ C ]    After a period of 24 months, the strength of cement reduces to 50%
           [ D ]    The concrete made with storage deteriorated cement; gains strength with     time.
           Answer : B    
27       For compacting plain concrete road surface of thickness less than 20 cm, the following
vibrator is used.      
           [ A ]    Internal vibrator
           [ B ]    Screed vibrator
           [ C ]    Form vibrator
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B    

28       Slump test of concrete is a measure of its        
           [ A ]    Consistency
           [ B ]    Compressive strength
           [ C ]    Tensile strength
           [ D ]    Impact value
           Answer : A    
29       Concrete gains strength due to    
           [ A ]    Chemical reaction of cement with sand and coarse aggregates
           [ B ]    Evaporation of water from concrete
           [ C ]    Hydration of cement
           [ D ]    All the above
           Answer : C    
30       Minimum grade of concrete for R.C.C. should be _________ , as per IS. 456-2000        
           [ A ]    M10
           [ B ]    M14
           [ C ]    M20
           [ D ]    M25
           Answer : C    
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31       A concrete mass containing 5% of voids
           [ A ]    Increases its strength by 30%
           [ B ]    Reduces its strength by 30%
           [ C ]    Increases its strength by 5%
           [ D ]    Reduces its strength by 5%
           Answer : B    
32       Workability of a concrete – mix is determined by          
           (i)Slump cone test  
           (ii)Compaction factor test  
           (iii)Vee bee test      
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    ii
           [ C ]    i and ii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : D    
33       High strength of concrete requires a water cement ratio of    
           [ A ]    0.10 to 0.15
           [ B ]    0.25 to 0.30
           [ C ]    0.45 to 0.60
           [ D ]    0.75 to 0.90
           Answer : B    
34       One bag of cement is equivalent to        
           [ A ]    50 litres
           [ B ]    35 litres
           [ C ]    28 litres
           [ D ]    14 litres
           Answer : B    
35       One cubit metre of cement weights        
           [ A ]    1000 kg
           [ B ]    1200 kg
           [ C ]    1440 kg
           [ D ]    1600 kg
           Answer : C    
36       As per IS: 456-2000, modulus of elasticity of concrete (in N/mm2) is given by      
           [ A ]    5700 vfCK
           [ B ]    5000 vfCK
           [ C ]    3700 vfCK
           [ D ]    3000 vfCK
           Answer : B    
37       In working stress method of design, the factor of safety for concrete and steel respectively
are    
           [ A ]    3.0 and 1.8
           [ B ]    3.0 and 1.18
           [ C ]    3.0 and 1.15
           [ D ]    1.5 and 1.5
           Answer : A    
38       In Limit state method of design, the factor of safety for concrete and steel respectively are
           
           [ A ]    3.00 and 1.80
           [ B ]    1.50 and 1.18
           [ C ]    1.50 and 1.15
           [ D ]    1.50 and 1.50
           Answer : C    
39       Specific weight of Reinforced cement concrete is        
           [ A ]    24 N/m3
           [ B ]    24 kN/m3
           [ C ]    25 N/m3
           [ D ]    25 kN/m3
           Answer : D    
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40       The tensile strength of concrete is about ________ of its compressive strength    
           [ A ]    10% to 15%
           [ B ]    30% to 40%
           [ C ]    50%
           [ D ]    60% to 75%
           Answer : A    
41       The shrinkage strain of concrete is generally taken as
           [ A ]    0.3
           [ B ]    0.03
           [ C ]    0.003
           [ D ]    0.0003
           Answer : D    
42       The tensile strength of concrete is given by      
           [ A ]    0.45 vfCK
           [ B ]    0.60 vfCK
           [ C ]    0.70 vfCK
           [ D ]    0.90 vfCK
           Answer : C    
43       The ratio of bond stress for HYSD bars to that of plain bars  
           [ A ]    0.714
           [ B ]    0.9
           [ C ]    1.4
           [ D ]    1.8
           Answer : C    
44       The proof stress in steel is the stress corresponding to the strain of  
           [ A ]    0.2
           [ B ]    0.02
           [ C ]    0.002
           [ D ]    0.0002
           Answer : C    
45       In the mixer, the concrete should be mixed for at least
           [ A ]    1 to 2 minutes
           [ B ]    2 to 3 minutes
           [ C ]    3 to 5 minutes
           [ D ]    5 to 7 minutes
           Answer : B    
46       As per IS: 456-2000, the maximum size of aggregate is        
           [ A ]    1/4 of maximum thickness of member
           [ B ]    1/4 of minimum thickness of member
           [ C ]    1/5 of maximum thickness of member
           [ D ]    1/5 of minimum thickness of member
           Answer : B    
47       Water used for mixing of concrete should be free from
           (i)Oils
           (ii)Salts        
           (iii)Acids        
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    iii
           [ C ]    i and iii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : D    
48       Modulus of elasticity of concrete is primarily influenced by    
           [ A ]    Elastic properties of aggregate
           [ B ]    Curing of concrete
           [ C ]    Age of concrete
           [ D ]    Mix proportion and type of cement
           Answer : A    
49       As the workability increases compaction factor  
           [ A ]    Decreases
           [ B ]    Increases
           [ C ]    Remains same
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B    
50       Shrinkage of concrete is mostly influenced by  
           [ A ]    Environmental conditions
           [ B ]    Size of member
           [ C ]    Cement in concrete
           [ D ]    The total amount of water present in concrete
           Answer : D
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51       During the process of hardening of cement, _______ will takes place        
           [ A ]    Bleeding
           [ B ]    Segregation
           [ C ]    Hydration
           [ D ]    All the above
           Answer : C    
52       Due to Bleeding action concrete becomes        
           [ A ]    Weak
           [ B ]    Strong
           [ C ]    Hard
           [ D ]    Durable
           Answer : A    
53       About 70% to 80% of cement is contributed by  
           [ A ]    Tricalcium silicate and Tricalcium aluminate
           [ B ]    Tricalcium silicate and Dicalcium silicate
           [ C ]    Tricalcium Aluminate and Dicalcium silicate
           [ D ]    Tricalcium Aluminate and Tetra calcium Aluminoferrite
           Answer : B    
54       When compared to ordinary Portland cement, Rapid hardening Portland cement contains
______________ amount of lime content          
           [ A ]    Equal
           [ B ]    Greater
           [ C ]    Lesser
           [ D ]    Zero
           Answer : B    
55       The following compound has the property of early strength as well as ultimate strength  
           [ A ]    C3S
           [ B ]    C2S
           [ C ]    C3A
           [ D ]    C4AF
           Answer : A    
56       Which of the following compounds is considered to be an undesirable compound for cement
           
           [ A ]    C3S
           [ B ]    C2S
           [ C ]    C3A
           [ D ]    C4AF
           Answer : D    
57       Which of the following compound is susceptible to be attached by alkalies and salts        
           [ A ]    C3S
           [ B ]    C3S
           [ C ]    C3A
           [ D ]    C3AF
           Answer : C    
58       The heat generated in ordinary cement at the end of 3 days is about          
           [ A ]    60 cal/g
           [ B ]    80 cal/g
           [ C ]    100 cal/g
           [ D ]    120 cal/g
           Answer : B    
59       Low heat cement contains more amount of __________ than that of ordinary Portland
cement          
           [ A ]    C3S
           [ B ]    C2S
           [ C ]    C3A
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B    
60       In Portland Blast furnace slag cement, the blast furnace slag content shall not exceed    
           [ A ]    50%
           [ B ]    65%
           [ C ]    80%
           [ D ]    90%
           Answer : B  
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61       White cement contains less amount of ___________  
           [ A ]    Lime
           [ B ]    Silica
           [ C ]    Alumina
           [ D ]    Iron oxide
           Answer : D    
62       In fineness test on cement, residue left on I.S. sieve no.9 shall not exceed __________ by
weight of the sample of cement    
           [ A ]    5%
           [ B ]    10%
           [ C ]    15%
           [ D ]    20%
           Answer : B    
63       Ordinary Portland cement requires a specific surface of        
           [ A ]    1250 cm2/gm
           [ B ]    2250 cm 2/gm
           [ C ]    3250 cm 2/gm
           [ D ]    3500 cm 2/gm
           Answer : B    
64       The maximum percentage of chemical ingredient of cement is        
           [ A ]    Iron oxide
           [ B ]    Silica
           [ C ]    Lime
           [ D ]    Magnesium oxide
           Answer : C    
65       The minimum percentage of chemical ingredient of cement is          
           [ A ]    Iron oxide
           [ B ]    Silica
           [ C ]    Lime
           [ D ]    Magnesium oxide
           Answer : D    
66       Efflorescence in cement is caused due to an excess of          
           [ A ]    Alkalies
           [ B ]    Silica
           [ C ]    Iron oxide
           [ D ]    Alumina
           Answer : A    
67       Dicalcium silicate (C2S)    
           [ A ]    rates rapidly
           [ B ]    Hardens rapidly
           [ C ]    Generates less heat of hydration
           [ D ]    Has less resistance to sulphate attack
           Answer : C    
68       Tricalcium aluminate (C3A)          
           [ A ]    Hydrating less rapidly
           [ B ]    Is a redundant compound
           [ C ]    To be attacked by alkalies and salts
           [ D ]    None of these
           Answer : C    
69       For road pavements, the cement generally used, is    
           [ A ]    Ordinary Portland cement
           [ B ]    Rapid hardening cement
           [ C ]    Low heat cement
           [ D ]    Blast furnace slag cement
           Answer : A    
70       For mass concrete work, the type of cement preferable is      
           [ A ]    Ordinary Portland cement
           [ B ]    Rapid hardening cement
           [ C ]    Low heat cement
           [ D ]    Blast furnace slag cement
           Answer : C    
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71       Le-chatelier apparatus is used for
           [ A ]    Fineness test
           [ B ]    Consistency test
           [ C ]    Soundness test
           [ D ]    Compressive strength test
           Answer : C    
72       The diameter of the Vicat plunger is 10 mm and its length varies form        
           [ A ]    40 mm
           [ B ]    50 mm
           [ C ]    55 mm
           [ D ]    60 mm
           Answer : B    
73       Inert material of a cement concrete mix, is        
           [ A ]    Water
           [ B ]    Aggregate
           [ C ]    Cement
           [ D ]    None of these
           Answer : B    
74       An aggregate is said to be flaky, if its least dimension is less than    
           [ A ]    2/3 mean dimension
           [ B ]    3/4 mean dimension
           [ C ]    3/5 mean dimension
           [ D ]    5/8 mean dimension
           Answer : C    
75       Workability of concrete for a given water content is good, if the aggregates are    
           [ A ]    Rounded
           [ B ]    Irregular
           [ C ]    Angular
           [ D ]    Flaky
           Answer : A    
76       Setting time of cement increases by adding      
           (i)gypsum      
           (ii)sodium oxide      
           (iii)calcium chloride  
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    i and ii
           [ C ]    i and iii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : A    
77       The cement becomes useless if its absorbed moisture content exceeds    
           [ A ]    1%
           [ B ]    2%
           [ C ]    3%
           [ D ]    5%
           Answer : D    
78       The size of fine aggregates does not exceed    
           [ A ]    2.75 mm
           [ B ]    3.75 mm
           [ C ]    4.75 mm
           [ D ]    5.75 mm
           Answer : C    
79       Water used for mixing concrete should be        
           [ A ]    Slightly acidic
           [ B ]    Free from bacteria
           [ C ]    Distilled
           [ D ]    Potable
           Answer : D    
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80       The workability of concrete is mostly influenced by its  
           [ A ]    Water cement ratio
           [ B ]    Aggregate cement ratio
           [ C ]    Cement content
           [ D ]    Water content
           Answer : A    
81       Chief constituent of ordinary Portland cement is          
           [ A ]    Lime
           [ B ]    Alumina
           [ C ]    Magnesia
           [ D ]    Iron oxide
           Answer : A    
82       The heat of hydration for low heat cement at the age of 7 days shall not exceed  
           [ A ]    80 cal / gm
           [ B ]    75 cal / gm
           [ C ]    70 cal / gm
           [ D ]    65 cal / gm
           Answer : D    
83       Cement is obtained by burning a mixture of the following materials  
           [ A ]    Siliceous materials
           [ B ]    Argillaceous materials
           [ C ]    Calcareous materials
           [ D ]    All the above
           Answer : D    
84       For determining the compressive strength test on cement is, the percentage amount of
water to be added as (Pa = Percentage of water for required consistency)  
           [ A ]    0.25 Pa + 2.5
           [ B ]    0.25 Pa + 3.5
           [ C ]    0.35 Pa + 2.5
           [ D ]    0.35 Pa + 3.5
           Answer : B    
85       Minimum compressive strength of cement required at the age of 3 days for ordinary
Portland cement of grade 33 is    
           [ A ]    1.15 N/mm2
           [ B ]    11.5 N/mm2
           [ C ]    2.10 N/mm2
           [ D ]    21 N/mm2
           Answer : B    
86       Bulking of sand takes place due to          
           [ A ]    Surface tension
           [ B ]    Viscosity
           [ C ]    Capillarity
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : A    
87       Creep coefficient is the ratio of    
           [ A ]    Ultimate Creep strain to elastic strain
           [ B ]    Elastic strain to ultimate Creep strain
           [ C ]    Elastic strain to plastic strain
           [ D ]    Plastic strain to elastic strain
           Answer : A    
88       Generally the strength of concrete is represented by the crushing stress of concrete cube of
size    
           [ A ]    50 mm
           [ B ]    100 mm
           [ C ]    150 mm
           [ D ]    250 mm
           Answer : C    
89       As per IS:1139, the characteristic yield strength for hot rolled High yield strength deformed
bars is
           [ A ]    250 N/mm2
           [ B ]    415 N/mm2
           [ C ]    500 N/mm2
           [ D ]    550 N/mm2
           Answer : B    
90       As per IS:1139, the characteristic yield strength for cold twisted deformed bars is
           [ A ]    250 N/mm2
           [ B ]    415 N/mm2
           [ C ]    500 N/mm2
           [ D ]    550 N/mm2
           Answer : C    
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91       For reinforced concrete work, aggregates having a nominal size of -------- are generally used
           
           [ A ]    20 mm
           [ B ]    40 mm
           [ C ]    50 mm
           [ D ]    60 mm
           Answer : A    
92       The proportion of coarse aggregates to fire aggregates in structural concrete is usually  
           [ A ]    0.50 - 1.25
           [ B ]    1.25 - 4.50
           [ C ]    1.50 - 2.50
           [ D ]    0.25 - 0.75
           Answer : C    
93       Fly ash when added to concrete  
           [ A ]    Acts as aggregates
           [ B ]    Acts as pozzolona
           [ C ]    Improves appearance
           [ D ]    Reduces setting time
           Answer : B    
94       As per IS:456, the strength of concrete sample is less than    
           [ A ]    The characteristic strength minus 1.35times the standard deviation
           [ B ]    0.80 times the characteristic strength
           [ C ]    Greater of (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : C    
95       Characteristic strength of steel has been defined as    
           [ A ]    0.1 % proof stress
           [ B ]    0.2 % proof stress
           [ C ]    0.4 % proof stress
           [ D ]    Equal to proof stress
           Answer : B    
96       For Ordinary Portland cement concrete exposed to dry and hot weather conditions, good
moist curing period is        
           [ A ]    7 days
           [ B ]    10 days
           [ C ]    14 days
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B    
97       As per IS: 456-2000, recommended value for standard deviation for concrete mix from M30
to M50 is      
           [ A ]    1 N/mm2
           [ B ]    2 N/mm2
           [ C ]    4 N/mm2
           [ D ]    5 N/mm2
           Answer : D    
98       As per 1S: 456-2000, minimum grade of concrete in seat water constructions is  
           [ A ]    M20
           [ B ]    M25
           [ C ]    M30
           [ D ]    M50
           Answer : C    
99       The section of a reinforced beam where most distant concrete fiber in compression and
tension in steel attains permissible stresses simultaneously is called          
           (i)Balanced section  
           (ii)Economic section
           (iii)Critical section    
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    i and ii
           [ C ]    i and iii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : D    
100     As the percentage of steel increases      
           [ A ]    Depth of neutral axis decreases
           [ B ]    Depth of neutral axis increases
           [ C ]    Lever arm increases
           [ D ]    None of the above are correct
           Answer : B    
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101     In a Singly reinforced beam, if the permissible stress in concrete reaches earlier than that in
steel, the beam section is called  
           [ A ]    Under reinforced section
           [ B ]    Over reinforced section
           [ C ]    Balanced section
           [ D ]    Critical section
           Answer : B    
102     The neutral axis corresponding to balanced section condition is termed as
           [ A ]    Critical neutral axis
           [ B ]    Centroidal neutral axis
           [ C ]    Balanced neutral axis
           [ D ]    All the above
           Answer : A    
103     In a singly reinforced beam, if the permissible stress in steel reaches earlier than that of
concrete, the beam section as called      
           [ A ]    Under reinforced section
           [ B ]    Over reinforced section
           [ C ]    Balanced section
           [ D ]    Critical section
           Answer : A    
104     The depth of neutral axis for under reinforced section is --------- the depth of critical neutral
axis    
           [ A ]    Equal to
           [ B ]    Greater than
           [ C ]    Less than
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : C    
105     The depth of neutral axis for over reinforced section is ----------- the depth of critical neutral
axis    
           [ A ]    Equal to
           [ B ]    Greater than
           [ C ]    Less than
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B    
106     For a balanced section, the tensile stress in the reinforcement        
           [ A ]    reaches its allowable stress
           [ B ]    is always less than its allowable stress
           [ C ]    may be greater than its allowable stress
           [ D ]    none of the above
           Answer : A    
107     The depth of neutral axis for a balanced section is --------- the depth of critical neutral axis
           
           [ A ]    equal
           [ B ]    always greater than
           [ C ]    always less than
           [ D ]    may be sometimes greater than
           Answer : A    
108     Moment of resistance for a under reinforced section --------- that of a critical section        
           [ A ]    Is equal to
           [ B ]    Is always greater than
           [ C ]    Is less than
           [ D ]    May be sometimes greater than
           Answer : C    
109     By over-reinforcing a beam, the moment of resistance can be increased not more than  
           [ A ]    10%
           [ B ]    15%
           [ C ]    25%
           [ D ]    50%
           Answer : C    
110     The working stress method is also known as    
           [ A ]    Elastic method
           [ B ]    Load factor method
           [ C ]    Critical method
           [ D ]    All the above
           Answer : A    
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111     Working stress method of design results in -------------- percentages of compression steel
than that of a limit state method of design          
           [ A ]    Equal
           [ B ]    Larger
           [ C ]    Smaller
           [ D ]    Half of the
           Answer : B    
112     As per IS;456, in working stress method of design, permissible tensile stress for M20 grade
concrete is given by
           [ A ]    1. 2 N/mm2
           [ B ]    1.5 N/mm2
           [ C ]    2.0 N/mm2
           [ D ]    2.8 N/mm2
           Answer : D    
113     In working stress method of design, permissible compressive bending stress for M20 grade
concrete is given by
           [ A ]    5.0 N/mm2
           [ B ]    7.0 N/mm2
           [ C ]    10.0 N/mm2
           [ D ]    20 N/mm2
           Answer : B    
114     As per IS: 456, permissible direct compressive stress M20 grade concrete in working stress
method of designer  
           [ A ]    5.0 N/mm2
           [ B ]    7.0 N/mm2
           [ C ]    10.0 N/mm2
           [ D ]    20.0 N/mm2
           Answer : A    
115     As per IS: 456, permissible bond stress for plain bars in tension, in working stress method,
where M20, is the grade of concrete      
           [ A ]    0.6 N/mm2
           [ B ]    0.8 N/mm2
           [ C ]    1.0 N/mm2
           [ D ]    1.2 N/mm2
           Answer : B    
116     The bond stress for plain bars in compression is more than that for bars in tension by    
           [ A ]    25%
           [ B ]    40%
           [ C ]    60%
           [ D ]    50%
           Answer : A    
117     The bond stress for deformed bars is more than that in plain bars by          
           [ A ]    25%
           [ B ]    40%
           [ C ]    60%
           [ D ]    50%
           Answer : B    
118     As per IS:456, maximum shear stress for M20 glade concrete in working stress method is
           
           [ A ]    1.6 N/mm2
           [ B ]    1.8 N/mm2
           [ C ]    2.0 N/mm2
           [ D ]    2.2 N/mm2
           Answer : B    
119     When the nominal shear stress is less than permissible shear stress in concrete then    
           [ A ]    Provide minimum shear reinforcement
           [ B ]    No shear reinforcement is necessary
           [ C ]    Provide design shear reinforcement
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : A    
120     While compared with singly reinforced beams, the depth of doubly reinforced beam is    
           [ A ]    Greater
           [ B ]    Lesser
           [ C ]    almost equal
           [ D ]    twice
           Answer : B    
121     If the depth of actual neutral axis is greater than the depth of critical neutral axis, then    
           [ A ]    Concrete attains its permissible stress earlier
           [ B ]    Steel attains its permissible stress earlier
           [ C ]    Both concrete and steel reaches its permissible stresses simultaneously
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : A    
122     Steel Beam theory is a method of designing      
           [ A ]    Balanced sections
           [ B ]    Critical sections
           [ C ]    Singly reinforced beams
           [ D ]    Doubly reinforced beams
           Answer : D    
123     According to steel Beam theory, stress in compressive steel is ------- stress in tension steel
           
           [ A ]    less than
           [ B ]    greater than
           [ C ]    equal to
           [ D ]    twice
           Answer : C    
124     According to revised elastic theory, the steel in the compression zone is ------ that which is
calculated simple elastic theory    
           [ A ]    equal to
           [ B ]    less than
           [ C ]    greater than
           [ D ]    half of
           Answer : C    
125     Maximum area of tension reinforcement shall not exceed      
           [ A ]    0.02 bd
           [ B ]    0.02 bD
           [ C ]    0.04 bd
           [ D ]    0.04 bD
           Answer : D    
126     Maximum area of compression reinforcement shall not exceed        
           [ A ]    0.02 bd
           [ B ]    0.02 bD
           [ C ]    0.04 bd
           [ D ]    0.04 bD
           Answer : C    
127     Side face reinforcement is provided when the depth of beam exceeds        
           [ A ]    250 mm
           [ B ]    450 mm
           [ C ]    550 mm
           [ D ]    750 mm
           Answer : D    
128     The area of side face reinforcement shall not be less than    
           [ A ]    0.10 percent of the web area on each vertical face
           [ B ]    0.05 percent of the web area on each vertical face
           [ C ]    0.15 percent of the web area on each vertical face
           [ D ]    0.20 percent of the web area
           Answer : B    
129     The maximum of spacing of side face reinforcement shall not exceed        
           [ A ]    300 mm
           [ B ]    Web thickness
           [ C ]    Lesser of (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    Greater of (a) and (b)
           Answer : C    
130     A concrete block subjected to shear stresses, then the failure may result by          
           [ A ]    Diagonal tension
           [ B ]    Longitudinal tension
           [ C ]    Diagonal compression
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : A  
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131     The anchorage value of the hook for a mild steel bar is generally considered as  
           (d = diameter of bar)          
           [ A ]    8 d
           [ B ]    16 d
           [ C ]    32 d
           [ D ]    48 d
           Answer : B    
132     As per IS: 1139, permissible stress in compression steel reinforcement for High Yield
strength deformed bars is  
           [ A ]    140 N/mm2
           [ B ]    190 N/mm2
           [ C ]    230 N/mm2
           [ D ]    415 N/mm2
           Answer : B    
133     According to IS: 456-2000 spacing of vertical stirrups for shear reinforcement has been
limited to      
           [ A ]    0.75 d
           [ B ]    450 mm
           [ C ]    lesser of 0.75 d or 300 mm
           [ D ]    lesser of 0.75d or 450 mm
           Answer : C    
134     The maximum spacing of main steel in slabs has been limited to      
           [ A ]    250 mm
           [ B ]    300 mm
           [ C ]    450 mm
           [ D ]    500 mm
           Answer : B    
135     Limit state of collapse deals with  
           [ A ]    strength and stability of the structure
           [ B ]    conditions such as deflection, cracking
           [ C ]    durability
           [ D ]    all the above
           Answer : A    
136     Limit state method of design has _________ major limit state conditions    
           [ A ]    one
           [ B ]    two
           [ C ]    three
           [ D ]    four
           Answer : B    
137     In Limit state design, the maximum working load that the structure has to withstand is called
           
           [ A ]    Service load
           [ B ]    Factored load
           [ C ]    Characteristic load
           [ D ]    Ultimate load
           Answer : C    
138     The safe strengths for the materials are called their    
           [ A ]    Ultimate strength
           [ B ]    Characteristic strength
           [ C ]    Maximum strength
           [ D ]    none of the above
           Answer : B    
139     Partial safety factor for strength of concrete in Limit state design is  
           [ A ]    1.15
           [ B ]    1.25
           [ C ]    1.5
           [ D ]    1.65
           Answer : C    
140     Partial safety factor for strength in steel m Limit state design is        
           [ A ]    1.15
           [ B ]    1.25
           [ C ]    1.5
           [ D ]    1.65
           Answer : A    
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141     The stress-strain curve concrete in compression follows        
           [ A ]    a straight line
           [ B ]    a rectangular parabolic curve
           [ C ]    a semi circular arc
           [ D ]    a cubic parabola
           Answer : B    
142     The ultimate strain of concrete at failure is        
           [ A ]    0.002
           [ B ]    0.0035
           [ C ]    0.0045
           [ D ]    0.006
           Answer : B    
143     The theoretical stress-strain curve of the concrete in the Limit State design of structures is
correspondingly reduced by the factor    
           [ A ]    0.35
           [ B ]    0.5
           [ C ]    0.67
           [ D ]    0.75
           Answer : C    
144     According to IS:456 minimum cement content inclusive of admixtures is    
           [ A ]    200 kg/m3
           [ B ]    300 kg/m3
           [ C ]    450 kg/m3
           [ D ]    550 kg/m3
           Answer : B    
145     According to IS: 456, maximum water-cement ratio should be          
           [ A ]    0.45
           [ B ]    0.55
           [ C ]    0.65
           [ D ]    0.75
           Answer : B    
146     The reduction of the PH value, by the action of atmospheric carbon dioxide with the alkali of
the cement paste is called  
           [ A ]    atmospheric corrosion
           [ B ]    chloride corrosion
           [ C ]    oxidation
           [ D ]    carbonation
           Answer : D    
147     According to IS:456-2000, the maximum allowable crack width (in mm) for mild type of
environmental condition    
           [ A ]    0.1
           [ B ]    0.2
           [ C ]    0.25
           [ D ]    0.3
           Answer : D    
148     According to IS:456-2000, the following type of environments are considered for durability of
concrete        
           [ A ]    two
           [ B ]    four
           [ C ]    five
           [ D ]    six
           Answer : C    
149     Nominal cover for M30 grade concrete in moderate exposure is (as per IS:456-2000)    
           [ A ]    20 mm
           [ B ]    30 mm
           [ C ]    45 mm
           [ D ]    50 mm
           Answer : B    
150     The main factors affecting the permeability of concrete are    
           (i)Grade of concrete
           (ii)Minimum cement content          
           (iii)Maximum water cement ratio  
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    i and ii
           [ C ]    ii and iii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : C    
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151     The pH value of Puzzolanic concrete is ________________ that of ordinary concrete    
           [ A ]    lower than
           [ B ]    much lower than
           [ C ]    higher than
           [ D ]    equal
           Answer : B    
152     According to IS: 456-2000, the maximum cement content exclusive of admixtures is      
           [ A ]    200 kg/m3
           [ B ]    300 kg/m3
           [ C ]    450 kg/m3
           [ D ]    550 kg/m3
           Answer : C    
153     The curing method is said to be good, when the relative humidity is kept    
           [ A ]    Greater than 80%
           [ B ]    Less than 50%
           [ C ]    50% - 80%
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : A    
154     The maximum amount of chlorides and sulphates should not be more than
           [ A ]    0.15% and 4% by mass of cement respectively
           [ B ]    4% and 0.15% by mass of cement respectively
           [ C ]    0.30% and 2% by mass of cement respectively
           [ D ]    2% and 0.30% by mass of cement respectively
           Answer : A    
155     According to IS:456-2000, the total acid soluble chlorides in concrete is restricted
to________ of concrete    
           [ A ]    0.2 kg/m3
           [ B ]    0.4 kg/m3
           [ C ]    2 kg/m3
           [ D ]    4 kg/m3
           Answer : B    
156     Minimum cover for fire resistance for a given simply supported beam, when the fire rating is
1 hour---------
           [ A ]    15 mm
           [ B ]    20 mm
           [ C ]    25 mm
           [ D ]    30 mm
           Answer : B    
157     Modulus elasticity of steel is generally taken as
           [ A ]    2 x 105 N/mm2
           [ B ]    2 x 106 N/mm2
           [ C ]    2 x 106 N/mm2
           [ D ]    2 x 105 N/mm2
           Answer : A    
158     Which of the following sections are preferable for designing a member      
           [ A ]    under reinforced sections
           [ B ]    over reinforced sections
           [ C ]    both (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    balanced sections
           Answer : A    
159     According to IS: 456-2000, limiting value of yield strain for Fe415 grade steel is    
           [ A ]    0.031
           [ B ]    0.0031
           [ C ]    0.038
           [ D ]    0.0038
           Answer : D    
160     According to IS:456-2000, Limiting value of yield strain for Fe250 grade steel is    
           [ A ]    0.031
           [ B ]    0.0031
           [ C ]    0.038
           [ D ]    0.0038
           Answer : B    
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161     For economical consideration, the ratio of overall depth to width should be
           [ A ]    less than 1.5
           [ B ]    between 1.50 and 2.0
           [ C ]    between 2.0 to 2.5
           [ D ]    greater than 2.5
           Answer : B    
162     The concrete is assumed to reach failure with a compression strain of        
           [ A ]    0.002
           [ B ]    0.0035
           [ C ]    0.0045
           [ D ]    0.006
           Answer : B    
163     In general in the design of a section by limit method, it is assumed that      
           [ A ]    the stress in steel to reach its yield limit before concrete failure
           [ B ]    the stress in concrete to reach its permissible limit before to reach yield stress in steel
           [ C ]    stresses in both concrete and steel reach their permissible values simultaneously
           [ D ]    none of the above are correct
           Answer : A    
164     The expression for moment of resistance(Mu) of a singly reinforced section is, if the grade of
steel in Fe415          
           [ A ]    0.149 fck bd2
           [ B ]    0.138 fck bd2
           [ C ]    0.125 fck bd2
           [ D ]    0.0120 fck bd2
           Answer : B    
165     If the grade of steel is Fe250, then the expression for moment of resistance of a singly
reinforced section is
           [ A ]    0.149 fck bd2
           [ B ]    0.138 fck bd2
           [ C ]    0.125 fck bd2
           [ D ]    0.012 fck bd2
           Answer : A    
166     Minimum percentage of tension steel for a singly reinforced section Fe415 grade is        
           [ A ]    0.2
           [ B ]    0.35
           [ C ]    2
           [ D ]    3.5
           Answer : A    
167     Design yield stress for steel in tension and compression is    
           [ A ]    0.65 fy
           [ B ]    0.87 fy
           [ C ]    0.75 fy
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B    
168     Strain compatibility method is the method used for the analysis and design of      
           [ A ]    singly reinforced sections
           [ B ]    doubly reinforced sections
           [ C ]    both (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    neither (a) nor (b)
           Answer : C    
169     The spacing of stirrups in doubly reinforced beams should be least of the following        
           (i)Least Lateral dimension  
           (ii)Sixteen times the diameter of longitudinal steel        
           (iii)Forty eight times the diameter of transverse reinforcement          
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    i and ii
           [ C ]    i and iii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : D    
170     Development length is the length or extension that should be provided on either side from
the      
           [ A ]    face of the support
           [ B ]    point of maximum tension
           [ C ]    point of maximum compression
           [ D ]    point of minimum compression
           Answer : B    
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171     The ultimate average anchorage bond stress for plain bars in tension is _______ if the
grade of concrete is M20  
           [ A ]    1.60 N/mm2
           [ B ]    1.92 N/mm2
           [ C ]    2.24 N/mm2
           [ D ]    2.40 N/mm2
           Answer : B    
172     The length of bar necessary to develop the full strength of the bar is called
           [ A ]    Bond
           [ B ]    Development length
           [ C ]    End anchorage
           [ D ]    Splicing
           Answer : B    
173     End anchorage of bars is taken as the greater of        
           [ A ]    Effective depth or 12 times the diameter of bar
           [ B ]    Effective depth or 16 times the diameter of bar
           [ C ]    Effective depth of 24 times the diameter of bar
           [ D ]    Effective depth of 48 times the diameter of bar
           Answer : A    
174     Lap splicing are not usually allowed for bars more than          
           [ A ]    25 mm
           [ B ]    32 mm
           [ C ]    36 mm
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : C    
175     Flanged beams are preferred when the concrete in the slab is on the        
           [ A ]    compression side of the beam
           [ B ]    tension side of the beam
           [ C ]    may be compression side or tension side of the beam
           [ D ]    none of the above
           Answer : A    
176     The development length of bars in compression is taken as  
           [ A ]    30 times bar diameter
           [ B ]    40 times bar diameter
           [ C ]    50 times bar diameter
           [ D ]    12 times bar diameter
           Answer : A    
177     Steel Beam theory is the method of analysis and a design of
           [ A ]    Singly reinforced sections
           [ B ]    Doubly reinforced sections
           [ C ]    Both (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    Steel structures only
           Answer : B    
178     Limit state of collapse deals with  
           [ A ]    strength and stability of the structure
           [ B ]    conditions such as deflection, cracking
           [ C ]    durability
           [ D ]    all the above
           Answer : A    
179     Limit state method of design has _________ major limit state conditions    
           [ A ]    one
           [ B ]    two
           [ C ]    three
           [ D ]    four
           Answer : B    
180     In Limit state design, the maximum working load that the structure has to withstand is called      
           [ A ]    Service load
           [ B ]    Factored load
           [ C ]    Characteristic load
           [ D ]    Ultimate load
           Answer : C    
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181     The safe strengths for the materials are called their    
           [ A ]    Ultimate strength
           [ B ]    Characteristic strength
           [ C ]    Maximum strength
           [ D ]    none of the above
           Answer : B    
182     Partial safety factor for strength of concrete in Limit state design is  
           [ A ]    1.15
           [ B ]    1.25
           [ C ]    1.5
           [ D ]    1.65
           Answer : C    
183     Partial safety factor for strength in steel m Limit state design is        
           [ A ]    1.15
           [ B ]    1.25
           [ C ]    1.5
           [ D ]    1.65
           Answer : A    
184     The stress-strain curve concrete in compression follows        
           [ A ]    a straight line
           [ B ]    a rectangular parabolic curve
           [ C ]    a semi circular arc
           [ D ]    a cubic parabola
           Answer : B    
185     The ultimate strain of concrete at failure is        
           [ A ]    0.002
           [ B ]    0.0035
           [ C ]    0.0045
           [ D ]    0.006
           Answer : B    
186     The theoretical stress-strain curve of the concrete in the Limit State design of structures is
correspondingly reduced by the factor    
           [ A ]    0.35
           [ B ]    0.5
           [ C ]    0.67
           [ D ]    0.75
           Answer : C    
187     According to IS:456 minimum cement content inclusive of admixtures is    
           [ A ]    200 kg/m3
           [ B ]    300 kg/m3
           [ C ]    450 kg/m3
           [ D ]    550 kg/m3
           Answer : B    
188     According to IS: 456, maximum water-cement ratio should be          
           [ A ]    0.45
           [ B ]    0.55
           [ C ]    0.65
           [ D ]    0.75
           Answer : B    
189     The reduction of the PH value, by the action of atmospheric carbon dioxide with the alkali of
the cement paste is called  
           [ A ]    atmospheric corrosion
           [ B ]    chloride corrosion
           [ C ]    oxidation
           [ D ]    carbonation
           Answer : D    
190     According to IS:456-2000, the maximum allowable crack width (in mm) for mild type of
environmental condition    
           [ A ]    0.1
           [ B ]    0.2
           [ C ]    0.25
           [ D ]    0.3
           Answer : D    
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191     According to IS:456-2000, the following type of environments are considered for durability of
concrete        
           [ A ]    two
           [ B ]    four
           [ C ]    five
           [ D ]    six
           Answer : C    
192     Nominal cover for M30 grade concrete in moderate exposure is (as per IS:456-2000)    
           [ A ]    20 mm
           [ B ]    30 mm
           [ C ]    45 mm
           [ D ]    50 mm
           Answer : B    
193     The main factors affecting the permeability of concrete are    
           (i)Grade of concrete
           (ii)Minimum cement content          
           (iii)Maximum water cement ratio  
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    i and ii
           [ C ]    ii and iii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : C    
194     The pH value of Puzzolanic concrete is ________________ that of ordinary concrete    
           [ A ]    lower than
           [ B ]    much lower than
           [ C ]    higher than
           [ D ]    equal
           Answer : B    
195     According to IS: 456-2000, the maximum cement content exclusive of admixtures is      
           [ A ]    200 kg/m3
           [ B ]    300 kg/m3
           [ C ]    450 kg/m3
           [ D ]    550 kg/m3
           Answer : C    
196     The curing method is said to be good, when the relative humidity is kept    
           [ A ]    Greater than 80%
           [ B ]    Less than 50%
           [ C ]    50% - 80%
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : A    
197     The maximum amount of chlorides and sulphates should not be more than
           [ A ]    0.15% and 4% by mass of cement respectively
           [ B ]    4% and 0.15% by mass of cement respectively
           [ C ]    0.30% and 2% by mass of cement respectively
           [ D ]    2% and 0.30% by mass of cement respectively
           Answer : A    
198     According to IS:456-2000, the total acid soluble chlorides in concrete is restricted
to________ of concrete    
           [ A ]    0.2 kg/m3
           [ B ]    0.4 kg/m3
           [ C ]    2 kg/m3
           [ D ]    4 kg/m3
           Answer : B    
199     Minimum cover for fire resistance for a given simply supported beam, when the fire rating is
1 hour---------
           [ A ]    15 mm
           [ B ]    20 mm
           [ C ]    25 mm
           [ D ]    30 mm
           Answer : B    
200     Modulus elasticity of steel is generally taken as
           [ A ]    2 x 105 N/mm2
           [ B ]    2 x 106 N/mm2
           [ C ]    2 x 106 N/mm2
           [ D ]    2 x 105 N/mm2
           Answer : A    
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201     Which of the following sections are preferable for designing a member      
           [ A ]    under reinforced sections
           [ B ]    over reinforced sections
           [ C ]    both (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    balanced sections
           Answer : A    
202     According to IS: 456-2000, limiting value of yield strain for Fe415 grade steel is    
           [ A ]    0.031
           [ B ]    0.0031
           [ C ]    0.038
           [ D ]    0.0038
           Answer : D    
203     According to IS:456-2000, Limiting value of yield strain for Fe250grade steel is    
           [ A ]    0.031
           [ B ]    0.0031
           [ C ]    0.038
           [ D ]    0.0038
           Answer : B    
204     For economical consideration, the ratio of overall depth to width should be
           [ A ]    less than 1.5
           [ B ]    between 1.50 and 2.0
           [ C ]    between 2.0 to 2.5
           [ D ]    greater than 2.5
           Answer : B    
205     The concrete is assumed to reach failure with a compression strain of        
           [ A ]    0.002
          [ B ]    0.0035
           [ C ]    0.0045
           [ D ]    0.006
           Answer : B    
206     In general in the design of a section by limit method, it is assumed that      
           [ A ]    the stress in steel to reach its yield limit before concrete failure
           [ B ]    the stress in concrete to reach its permissible limit before to reach yield stress in steel
           [ C ]    stresses in both concrete and steel reach their permissible values simultaneously
           [ D ]    none of the above are correct
           Answer : A    
207     The expression for moment of resistance(Mu) of a singly reinforced section is, if the grade of
steel in Fe415          
           [ A ]    0.149 fck bd2
           [ B ]    0.138 fck bd2
           [ C ]    0.125 fck bd2
           [ D ]    0.0120 fck bd2
           Answer : B    
208     If the grade of steel is Fe250, then the expression for moment of resistance of a singly
reinforced section is
           [ A ]    0.149 fck bd2
           [ B ]    0.138 fck bd2
           [ C ]    0.125 fck bd2
           [ D ]    0.012 fck bd2
           Answer : A    
209     Minimum percentage of tension steel for a singly reinforced section Fe415 grade is        
           [ A ]    0.2
           [ B ]    0.35
           [ C ]    2
           [ D ]    3.5
           Answer : A    
210     Design yield stress for steel in tension and compression is    
           [ A ]    0.65 fy
           [ B ]    0.87 fy
           [ C ]    0.75 fy
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B  
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211     Strain compatibility method is the method used for the analysis and design of      
           [ A ]    singly reinforced sections
           [ B ]    doubly reinforced sections
           [ C ]    both (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    neither (a) nor (b)
           Answer : C    
212     The spacing of stirrups in doubly reinforced beams should be least of the following        
           (i)Least Lateral dimension  
           (ii)Sixteen times the diameter of longitudinal steel        
           (iii)Forty eight times the diameter of transverse reinforcement          
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    i and ii
           [ C ]    i and iii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : D    
213     Development length is the length or extension that should be provided on either side from
the      
           [ A ]    face of the support
           [ B ]    point of maximum tension
           [ C ]    point of maximum compression
           [ D ]    point of minimum compression
           Answer : B    
214     The ultimate average anchorage bond stress for plain bars in tension is _______ if the
grade of concrete is M20  
           [ A ]    1.60 N/mm2
           [ B ]    1.92 N/mm2
           [ C ]    2.24 N/mm2
           [ D ]    2.40 N/mm2
           Answer : B    
215     The length of bar necessary to develop the full strength of the bar is called
           [ A ]    Bond
           [ B ]    Development length
           [ C ]    End anchorage
           [ D ]    Splicing
           Answer : B    
216     End anchorage of bars is taken as the greater of        
           [ A ]    Effective depth or 12 times the diameter of bar
           [ B ]    Effective depth or 16 times the diameter of bar
           [ C ]    Effective depth of 24 times the diameter of bar
           [ D ]    Effective depth of 48 times the diameter of bar
           Answer : A    
217     Lap splicing are not usually allowed for bars more than          
           [ A ]    25 mm
           [ B ]    32 mm
           [ C ]    36 mm
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : C    
218     Flanged beams are preferred when the concrete in the slab is on the        
           [ A ]    compression side of the beam
           [ B ]    tension side of the beam
           [ C ]    may be compression side or tension side of the beam
           [ D ]    none of the above
           Answer : A    
219     The development length of bars in compression is taken as  
           [ A ]    30 times bar diameter
           [ B ]    40 times bar diameter
           [ C ]    50 times bar diameter
           [ D ]    12 times bar diameter
           Answer : A    
220     Steel Beam theory is the method of analysis and a design of
           [ A ]    Singly reinforced sections
           [ B ]    Doubly reinforced sections
           [ C ]    Both (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    Steel structures only
           Answer : B    
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221     Bending shear is sometimes referred to as        
           [ A ]    One way shear
           [ B ]    Punching shear
           [ C ]    Two way shear
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : A    
222     Design shear strength of concrete is a function of        
           i.Percentage of tension steel        
           ii.Grade of concrete
           iii.Grade of steel      
           [ A ]    i and ii
           [ B ]    ii only
           [ C ]    i and iii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : A    
223     Maximum allowable shear stress for M25 grade concrete is  
           [ A ]    2.5 N/mm2
           [ B ]    2.8 N/mm2
           [ C ]    3.1 N/mm2
           [ D ]    3.5 N/mm2
           Answer : C    
224     Minimum shear reinforcement is necessary to  
           [ A ]    Prevent brittle shear failure
           [ B ]    Prevent failure due to shrinkage and thermal stresses
           [ C ]    Hold the reinforcements in place while pouring concrete
           [ D ]    All the above.
           Answer : D    
225     Maximum allowable spacing of shear reinforcement for vertical stirrups is restricted to    
           [ A ]    d
           [ B ]    0.45 d
           [ C ]    0.75 d
           [ D ]    0.90 d
           Answer : C    
226     According to IS: 456-2000 Maximum spacing of shear reinforcement in no case shall not
exceed          
           [ A ]    250 mm
           [ B ]    300 mm
           [ C ]    350 mm
           [ D ]    450 mm
           Answer : B    
227     Maximum allowable spacing of shear reinforcement for inclined stirrups with an inclination of
45° is restricted to  
           [ A ]    0.75 d
           [ B ]    0.45 d
           [ C ]    0.90 d
           [ D ]    d
           Answer : D    
228     The diameter of the stirrups according to IS : 456-2000 should not be less than    
           [ A ]    5 mm
           [ B ]    6 mm
           [ C ]    8 mm
           [ D ]    10 mm
           Answer : B    
229     The Maximum shear stress in Slabs should not exceed -------- the maximum values allowed
for beams.    
           [ A ]    Half Of
           [ B ]    One-Fourth Of
           [ C ]    Twice
           [ D ]    Those Given In
           Answer : A    
230     The principle used for control of deflection in beams and slabs.        
           [ A ]    Maxwell method
           [ B ]    Mohr‟s theorem
           [ C ]    Span to effective depth ratio
           [ D ]    Span to overall depth ratio.
           Answer : C    
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231     Basic value .of Span to Depth ratio for cantilever to control deflection is      
           [ A ]    7
           [ B ]    20
           [ C ]    26
           [ D ]    35
           Answer : A    
232     Allowable crack width for reinforce concrete structure under normal conditions is  
           [ A ]    0
           [ B ]    0.1 mm
           [ C ]    0.2 mm
           [ D ]    0.3 mm
           Answer : D    
233     The Minimum bar spacing should not be less than      
           [ A ]    Diameter of the largest bar
           [ B ]    Maximum size of aggregate
           [ C ]    Greater of diameter of the largest bar and maximum size of aggregate
           [ D ]    Greater of diameter of the largest bar and maximum size of aggregate plus 5 mm
           Answer : D    
234     The Maximum spacing of Main reinforcement „m‟ slabs shall be      
           [ A ]    Less than three times of the effective depth
           [ B ]    Less than 300mm
           [ C ]    Smaller of (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    Greater of (a) and (b)
           Answer : C    
235     Basic value of span to depth ratio for simply supported beam to control deflection is        
           [ A ]    7
           [ B ]    20
           [ C ]    26
           [ D ]    35
           Answer : B    
236     The Maximum spacing of Secondary reinforcement in slabs should be      
           [ A ]    Less than 450 mm
           [ B ]    Less than 300 mm
           [ C ]    Smaller of three times the effective depth and 450 mm
           [ D ]    Smaller of five times the effective depth and 450 mm
           Answer : D    
237     The basic value of span to depth ratio for one way continuous slab is        
           [ A ]    20
           [ B ]    26
           [ C ]    35
           [ D ]    40
           Answer : B    
238     The Minimum amount of steel for Main reinforcement in slab should be (Fe 415- grade of
steel)  
           [ A ]    0.12 percent of gross cross sectional area
           [ B ]    0.15 percent of gross cross sectional area
           [ C ]    0.20 percent of gross cross sectional area
           [ D ]    0.25 percent of gross cross sectional area.
           Answer : A    
239     The Maximum percentage of steel in tension allowed for beams      
           [ A ]    0.2
           [ B ]    0.4
           [ C ]    2
           [ D ]    4
           Answer : A    
240     The Maximum diameter steel in slabs should not exceed --------- the total thickness of the
slab    
           [ A ]    One-half
           [ B ]    One-fourth
           [ C ]    One-eighth
           [ D ]    One-sixteenth
           Answer : C    
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241     Minimum steel in the main direction of a slab when using high yield steel  
           [ A ]    0.12%
           [ B ]    0.15%
           [ C ]    0.20%
           [ D ]    0.25%
           Answer : B    
242     Maximum percentage of steel in compression should be        
           [ A ]    0.20%
           [ B ]    0.40%
           [ C ]    2.00%
           [ D ]    4.00%
           Answer : D    
243     Minimum percentage area of tension reinforcement , when the grade of steel is Fe-250  
           [ A ]    0.2
           [ B ]    0.25
           [ C ]    0.34
           [ D ]    0.44
           Answer : C    
244     Select the incorrect from the following.  
           The combinations of loads for serviceability conditions should be    
           [ A ]    1.0 DL + 1.0 LL
           [ B ]    1.0 DL + 1.0 WL
           [ C ]    1.0 DL + 0.8 LL + 0.8 WL
           [ D ]    0.8 DL + 0.8 LL + 0.8 WL
           Answer : D    
245     In moderate exposure , the allowable crack width at the surface of concrete should be    
           [ A ]    0.20 mm
           [ B ]    0.30 mm
           [ C ]    0.45 mm
           [ D ]    0.55 mm
           Answer : A    
246     For Fe- 415 steel and M20grade concrete, the balanced percentage of steel is    
           [ A ]    0.65%
           [ B ]    0.75%
           [ C ]    0.86%
           [ D ]    0.96%
           Answer : D    
247     According to IS : 456-2000, clause 39.4, stirrups should be provided for a shear of          
           [ A ]    at least 75%
           [ B ]    at least 50%
           [ C ]    at least 25 %
           [ D ]    none of the above.
           Answer : B    
248     For ductility consideration, the maximum percentage of steel used should not exceed -------
of the balanced steel          
           [ A ]    25%
           [ B ]    50%
           [ C ]    60%
           [ D ]    75%
           Answer : D    
249     Minimum steel required in slabs is mainly controlled by the following consideration          
           [ A ]    Cracking on the tension side
           [ B ]    Shrinkage and creep
           [ C ]    Both (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : B    
250     Secondary steel has to be provided across__________ of flanged beams  
           [ A ]    Full effective width of flange
           [ B ]    The width of web
           [ C ]    Half of the width of flange
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : A    
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251     The Percentage of steel in T-beam mainly based on  
           [ A ]    Flange width
           [ B ]    Rib width
           [ C ]    Flange depth
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : B    
252     The span/effective depth ratio is ----------------- for control of deflection        
           [ A ]    An exact method
           [ B ]    An empirical method
           [ C ]    An accurate method.
           [ D ]    Both (a) and (c)
           Answer : B    
253     Basic values of span/effective depth ratios to be used for beams and slabs with spans    
           [ A ]    Less than 10m
           [ B ]    Less than 20 m
           [ C ]    10 m- 20 m
           [ D ]    More than 20 m
           Answer : A    
254     In “Severe exposure” the allowable crack width at the surface of concrete should not exceed
           
           [ A ]    0.1 mm
           [ B ]    0.2 mm
           [ C ]    0.3 mm
           [ D ]    0.4 mm
           Answer : A    
255     The minimum percentage of tension steel is mainly based on the    
           [ A ]    Total depth
           [ B ]    Effective depth
           [ C ]    Both (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : A    
256     The Minimum percentage of secondary steel in slabs for Fe- 415 grade steel should be
__________ of Gross cross-section area          
           [ A ]    0.12%
           [ B ]    0.15%
           [ C ]    0.20%
           [ D ]    0.25%
           Answer : A    
257     In order to achieve economy, the spacing of stirrups at mid span section---------- compared
to that of support section    
           [ A ]    May be decreased
           [ B ]    May be increased
           [ C ]    Must be kept equal
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : B    
258     Side face reinforcement shall not exceed          
           [ A ]    0.1% of total cross sectional area
           [ B ]    0.2% of total cross sectional area
           [ C ]    0.1% web area
           [ D ]    0.2 % web area.
           Answer : C    
259     To develop complete yield line pattern the slab must be        
           [ A ]    Under reinforced
           [ B ]    Over reinforced
           [ C ]    Both (a) and (b)
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : A    
260     Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of yield lines?  
           [ A ]    Yield lines end at a slab boundary
           [ B ]    Yield lines are of parabolical shape
           [ C ]    Axes of rotation generally lie along the lines of supports
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : B    
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261     Negative yield line form      
           i. Near the supports in the case of slabs fixed or continuous at the edge.    
           ii. At mid span in the case of slabs fixed.
           iii.At mid span for simply supported circular slab          
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    i and ii
           [ C ]    i and iii
           [ D ]    i, ii and iii
           Answer : A    
262     The yield line ultimate moment is obtained when the yield line is --------------- to the direction
of the reinforcement
           [ A ]    Parallel
           [ B ]    At right angles.
           [ C ]    Passes through
           [ D ]    Crosses at an angle of 45°
           Answer : B    
263     The ultimate load capacity of slabs can be determined by using the principle of    
           i.Super position      
           ii.Virtual work
           iii. Equilibrium          
           [ A ]    i
           [ B ]    ii
           [ C ]    i and iii
           [ D ]    ii and iii
           Answer : D    
264     Select incorrect statement from the following.    
           In the Virtual work method, it is generally assumed that        
           [ A ]    Elastic deformations in the slab are negligible
           [ B ]    Plastic deformations in the slab are negligible
           [ C ]    Plastic deformations takes place at the yield lines
           [ D ]    Both (a) and (b)
           Answer : B    
265     Virtual work method and equilibrium method gives ---------------- to the collapse load on the
slab    
           [ A ]    Upper bound
           [ B ]    Lower bound
           [ C ]    Upper bound and lower bound respectively
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : A    
266     It is essential that the all possible yield line patterns have to be investigated to find the -------
-----    
           [ A ]    Highest value of the ultimate load
           [ B ]    Lowest value of the ultimate load
           [ C ]    Average value of all the loads.
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : B    
267     The virtual work method is based on the principle        
           [ A ]    External work done = Internal work done.
           [ B ]    External work done + Internal work done.
           [ C ]    External work done - Internal work done.
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : A    
268     Yield line analysis by equilibrium method gives ------------------ to that of obtained by virtual
work method
           [ A ]    Equal values
           [ B ]    Lesser values
           [ C ]    Higher values
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : A    
269     Yield line theory results in  
           [ A ]    Elastic solution
           [ B ]    Lower bound solution
           [ C ]    Upper bound solution
           [ D ]    Unique solution
           Answer : B    
270     The assumed yield line pattern is to be correct when the lower bound solution ---------the
upper bound solution        
           [ A ]    May be greater than
           [ B ]    May be less than
           [ C ]    Will coincide with
           [ D ]    Must be less than
           Answer : C    
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271     The slab is said to be orthotropically reinforced , when the reinforcement is arranged in;  
           [ A ]    Single direction
           [ B ]    Two directions at right angles with equal meshes
           [ C ]    Two directions at right angles with unequal meshes
           [ D ]    At the corners only
           Answer : C    
272     The percentage of reinforcement in slabs is generally in the range of          
           [ A ]    0.3% to 0.5%
           [ B ]    0.5% to 1.0%
           [ C ]    1.0% to 1.5%
           [ D ]    1.5 % to 2.0%
           Answer : A  
273     In general, the depth of slab should be ---------------- the minimum depth required for
balanced section.    
           [ A ]    Equal to
           [ B ]    Less than
           [ C ]    Greater than
           [ D ]    Half of
           Answer : C    
274     It is preferable, that the design of slab should result in
           [ A ]    A balanced section
           [ B ]    An under reinforced section
           [ C ]    Over reinforced section
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : B    
275     In a two way slab flexural bending develops      
           [ A ]    Along short span
           [ B ]    Along long span
           [ C ]    In Mutually perpendicular directions
           [ D ]    At the center of short span
           Answer : C    
276     Slabs which are supported in such a way that the corners are prevented from lifting are
referred to as;          
           [ A ]    One way slabs
           [ B ]    Two way slabs
           [ C ]    Restrained slabs
           [ D ]    Unrestrained slabs.
           Answer : C    
277     The size of the mesh at each corner meant for torsion reinforcement in a rectangular slab of
size (Lx ´ Ly) is        
           Lx = shorter span    
           Lx = Longer span    
           [ A ]    0.1 Ly x 1 Ly
           [ B ]    0.2 Ly x 0.2 Ly
           [ C ]    0.1 Lx x 0.1 Lx
           [ D ]    0.2 Lx x 0.2 Lx
           Answer : D    
278     The span/over all depth ratio for a simply supported two-way slab according to IS : 456-
2000 is given by      
           [ A ]    20
           [ B ]    28
           [ C ]    32
           [ D ]    40
           Answer : B    
279     According to IS: 456-2000, the span/overall depth ratio for a continuous two-way slab in
order to control deflection is given by      
           [ A ]    20
           [ B ]    28
           [ C ]    32
           [ D ]    40
           Answer : C    
280     Reinforced concrete slab supported only on columns is said to be    
           [ A ]    Rigid slab
           [ B ]    Flat slab
           [ C ]    Both(a) and (b)
           [ D ]    None of the above.
           Answer : B    
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281     According to IS: 456-2000 the ultimate moment of resistance of a slab for Fe - 415 HYSD
bars is;          
           [ A ]    Mu = 0.138 fck bd2
           [ B ]    Mu = 0.145 fck bd2
           [ C ]    Mu = 0.152 fck bd2
           [ D ]    Mu = 0.165 fck bd2
           Answer : A    
282     In a limit state method of design, when shear reinforcement is not provided, the calculated
shear stress at the critical section of a slab shall not exceed;
           [ A ]    Ks 0.25 v fck
           [ B ]    ks 0.20 v fck
           [ C ]    ks 0.16 v fck
           [ D ]    ks 0.10 v fck
           Answer : A    
283     The moments developed in the slab are influenced by the following factors
           i.Short span  
           ii.Long span  
           iii.Type of supporting edge.          
           iv.Magnitude and type of load on slab    
           [ A ]    i, iii and iv
           [ B ]    ii ,iii and iv
           [ C ]    i and iii
           [ D ]    i, ii , iii and iv
           Answer : D    
284     Minimum reinforcement in slabs, when High yield strength deformed bars  
           [ A ]    0.12% of gross cross sectional area
           [ B ]    0.15% of gross cross sectional area
           [ C ]    0.20% of gross cross sectional area
           [ D ]    0.25% of gross cross sectional area.
           Answer : A    
285     Permissible width of crack at the surface of concrete for „moderate‟ environmental
conditions according to IS : 456-2000 is  
           [ A ]    0.1 mm
           [ B ]    0.2 mm
           [ C ]    0.3 mm
           [ D ]    0.4 mm
           Answer : B    
286     Limiting moment of resistance of a singly reinforced section for mild steel is          
           [ A ]    Mu = 0.133 fck bd2
           [ B ]    Mu = 0.138 fck bd2
           [ C ]    Mu = 0.148 fck bd2
           [ D ]    Mu = 0.153 fck bd2
           Answer : C    
287     In slabs the Maximum horizontal distance between parallel main reinforcement should not
exceed          
           i.Three times effective depth        
           ii Five times effective depth          
           iii 300mm      
           iv 450 mm    
           [ A ]    i and iii
           [ B ]    i and iv
           [ C ]    ii and iii
           [ D ]    ii and iv
           Answer : A    
288     Slenderness ratio of the column is the ratio of  
           [ A ]    the effective length to width of column
           [ B ]    the effective length to depth of column
           [ C ]    the effective length to least lateral design
           [ D ]    none of the above
           Answer : C    
289     A Column is said to be short, when the slenderness ratio is  
           [ A ]    Less than 6
           [ B ]    Less than 12
           [ C ]    Less than 18
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B    
290     Columns in which lateral loads have to be resisted in addition to vertical loads by the
strength of the columns themselves are considered as
           [ A ]    Braced columns
           [ B ]    Un braced columns
           [ C ]    Slender columns
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B    
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291     The unsupported height of column (Lo) is generally    
           [ A ]    Clear height of the column
           [ B ]    Less than the clear height of the column
           [ C ]    More than the clear height of the column
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : A    
292     In order to avoid the material failure in a braced column, the clear distance between
restraints should never exceed    
           [ A ]    30 times the minimum dimensions of the column
           [ B ]    40 times the minimum dimensions of the column
           [ C ]    50 times the minimum dimensions of the column
           [ D ]    60 times the minimum dimensions of the column
           Answer : D    
293     For Unbraced column, the ratio of the clear height of the column to the minimum dimension
of the column shall not exceed    
           [ A ]    30
           [ B ]    40
           [ C ]    50
           [ D ]    60
           Answer : A    
294     The ultimate failure is assumed to be reached when the section reaches a uniform
compression strain of        
           [ A ]    0.002
           [ B ]    0.0035
           [ C ]    0.0045
           [ D ]    0.005
           Answer : A    
295     The compression in concrete (fc) at failure is given by
           [ A ]    0.30 fck
           [ B ]    0.45 fck
           [ C ]    0.50 fck
           [ D ]    0.75 fck
           Answer : B    
296     The compression in steel (fS) at failure for Fe - 415 grade steel using stress-strain curve
shall be        
           [ A ]    0.87 fy
           [ B ]    0.75 fy
           [ C ]    0.45 fy
           [ D ]    0.55 fy
           Answer : B    
297     According to IS:456-2000, the minimum eccentricity in no case        
           [ A ]    Shall be not less than 20mm
           [ B ]    Shall be not greater than 30mm
           [ C ]    Shall be 20mm-30mm
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : A    
298     The minimum diameter of longitudinal steel should be
           [ A ]    10 mm
           [ B ]    12 mm
           [ C ]    16 mm
           [ D ]    20 mm
           Answer : B    
299     Minimum number of bars for a column of rectangular section
           [ A ]    Two
           [ B ]    Four
           [ C ]    Six
           [ D ]    Eight
           Answer : B    
300     Minimum number of bars for a circular column  
           [ A ]    Four
           [ B ]    Five
           [ C ]    Six
           [ D ]    Eight
           Answer : C    
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301     Minimum percentage of longitudinal steel in a column should not be less than      
           [ A ]    0.60%
           [ B ]    0.80%
           [ C ]    1.00%
           [ D ]    1.20%
           Answer : B    
302     Maximum percentage of longitudinal steel in a column should be less than
           [ A ]    6%
           [ B ]    8%
           [ C ]    9%
           [ D ]    10%
           Answer : B    
303     Minimum cover to longitudinal steel in a column should be (if the diameter of bar, Ø> 12mm)
           
           [ A ]    25 mm
           [ B ]    30 mm
           [ C ]    40 mm
           [ D ]    50 mm
           Answer : C    
304     The Maximum spacing of the longitudinal bars measured long the periphery of the column
should be      
           [ A ]    250 mm
           [ B ]    300 mm
           [ C ]    400 mm
           [ D ]    450 mm
           Answer : B    
305     In any case, the minimum diameter of the link in a column, according to IS:456-2000 is  
           [ A ]    5 mm
           [ B ]    6 mm
           [ C ]    8 mm
           [ D ]    10 mm
           Answer : B    
306     The diameter of the Links in column should be at least……….of the largest diameter of the
longitudinal steel    
           [ A ]    One-half
           [ B ]    Three-fourth
           [ C ]    One eighth
           [ D ]    One – fourth
           Answer : D    
307     According to IS: 456 -2000, the spacing of links in a Column should be less than  
           [ A ]    16 x diameter of smallest longitudinal bar
           [ B ]    24 x diameter of smallest longitudinal bar
           [ C ]    48 x diameter of smallest longitudinal bar
           [ D ]    48 x diameter of greatest longitudinal bar
           Answer : A    
308     A column said to be under uniaxial bending, when the eccentricity is          
           [ A ]    with respect to one axis only
           [ B ]    with respect to two axes
           [ C ]    zero
           [ D ]    20 mm
           Answer : A    
309     Select the incorrect statement from the following        
           In eccentrically loaded columns,  
           [ A ]    The tensile strength of concrete is ignored
           [ B ]    Design stress – strain curve for steel in compression is the same as in tension
           [ C ]    The strain at different points in the section will be same
           [ D ]    Plane section remain plane even after bending
           Answer : C    
310     The equilibrium equation for the condition that tension will be equal to the compression is
given by        
           [ A ]    Compression in concrete = Tension in steel
           [ B ]    Compression in concrete + Compression in steel = Tension in steel
           [ C ]    Compression in concrete = Compression in steel
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B    
311     The Effective length of a column is defined as the      
           [ A ]    length between the fixed joints
           [ B ]    length between the points of contra flexure
           [ C ]    unsupported length of the column
           [ D ]    Both (a) and (c)
           Answer : B    
312     When the ratio of the effective length of the rectangular columns to its lateral dimension
exceeds12, then the column is said to be          
           [ A ]    Short column
           [ B ]    Slender column
           [ C ]    Biaxial column
           [ D ]    All the above
           Answer : B    
313     According to IS:456, the diameter of the helices in circular a column shall be at least      
           [ A ]    The diameter of longitudinal steel
           [ B ]    One-half the diameter of longitudinal steel
           [ C ]    One-fourth the diameter of longitudinal steel
           [ D ]    Three-fourth the diameter of longitudinal steel
           Answer : C    
314     The Maximum strength attained in concrete in limit state design is generally taken as    
           [ A ]    fck
           [ B ]    0.67 fck
           [ C ]    0.45 fck
           [ D ]    0.30 fck
           Answer : C    
315     The Pitch of helixes in circular columns shall not exceed        
           [ A ]    25 mm
           [ B ]    50 mm
           [ C ]    60 mm
           [ D ]    75 mm
           Answer : D    
316     The Minimum pitch of the helical reinforcement in circular columns should be      
           [ A ]    25 mm
           [ B ]    40 mm
           [ C ]    50 mm
           [ D ]    60 mm
           Answer : A    
317     Which of the following method that is used to taken into account the slenderness effect of
columns according to IS:456 - 2000        

           [ A ]    Reduction coefficient method
           [ B ]    Slenderness method
           [ C ]    Moment magnification method
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : A    
318     The Effective length of braced column generally varies…………the unsupported length of
the column    
           [ A ]    0.25 to 0.50 times
           [ B ]    0.50 to 1.00 times
           [ C ]    1.00 to 1.50 times
           [ D ]    2.00 to 2.50 times
           Answer : B    
319     The purpose of lateral ties in short reinforced concrete columns is to          
           [ A ]    Facilitate construction
           [ B ]    Facilitate compaction of concrete
           [ C ]    Increase the load carrying capacity of the columns
           [ D ]    Avoid buckling of longitudinal bars
           Answer : D    
320     The load carrying capacity of helically reinforced column as compared to that of column with
ties is about  
           [ A ]    5% less
           [ B ]    5% more
           [ C ]    10% less
           [ D ]    10% more`
           Answer : B    
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321     Due to Circumferential action of the spiral reinforcement in a column          
           [ A ]    Capacity of column is decreased but ductility of column increases
           [ B ]    Both the capacity of column an ductility of column increases
           [ C ]    Capacity of column increases
           [ D ]    Ductility of the column reduces
           Answer : B    
322     According to IS:456-2000, the minimum slenderness ratio for a short column is    
           [ A ]    Less than 12
           [ B ]    Between 12 and 18
           [ C ]    Less than 18
           [ D ]    Must be greater than 18
           Answer : A    

323     Select the incorrect statement from the following        
           [ A ]    Reinforcing bars in a column should not be less than 12 mm in diameter
           [ B ]    The number of longitudinal bars in a circular column should not exceed four
           [ C ]    The minimum percentage of longitudinal steel in columns should be 0.8%
           [ D ]    None of the above
           Answer : B    


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