APPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY AND NANOMATERIALS IN CONSTRUCTION

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APPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY AND NANOMATERIALS IN CONSTRUCTION
J.Thomas Britto
Dept of civil engineering
Thomasbritto3@gmail.com
P.R.engineering college, Thanjavur

ABSTRACT
Nanotechnology is one of the most active research areas with both novel science and useful applications that has gradually established itself in the past two decades. Expenditure on nanotechnology research is significant; however, the research is continuously moving forward motivated by immediate profitable return generated by high value commercial products. The Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (A/E/C) industry might accommodate broad applications of nanotechnology and nanaomaterials. It has been demonstrated that nanotechnology generated products have many unique characteristics, and can significantly fix current construction problems, and may change the requirement and organization of construction process.
This paper examines and documents applicable nanotechnology based products that can improve the overall competitiveness of the construction industry. The areas of applying nanotechnology in construction will be mainly focused on:
(1) Lighter and stronger structural composites
(2) Low maintenance coating
(3) Better properties of cementitious materials
(4) Reducing the thermal transfer rate of fire retardant and insulation
(5) Construction related nano-sensors.
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