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UNIT I           SOIL INTER RELATIONS                               8
Nature  of  Soil  –  Problems  with  soil  –  Phase  relation  –  Sieve  analysis  –  Sedimentation
analysis – Atterberg limits – Classification for engineering purposes – BIS Classification
system  –  Soil  compaction  –  Factors  affecting  compaction  –  Field  compaction  methods
and monitoring.

UNIT II          SOIL WATER AND WATER FLOW                       8
Soil  water  –  Various  forms  –  Influence  of  clay  minerals  –  Capillary  rise  –  Suction  –
Effective stress concepts in soil – Total, neutral and effective stress distribution in soil –
Permeability – Darcy’s law –  Permeability measurement in the laboratory – Quick sand
condition – Seepage – Laplace equation – Introduction to flow nets –Properties and uses
– Application to simple problems.

                        SETTLEMENT                                                          10
Stress  distribution  in  soil  media  –  Boussinesque  formula  –  Stress  due  to  line  load  and
Circular and rectangular loaded area – Approximate methods – Use of influence charts –
Westergaard  equation  for  point  load  –  Components  of  settlement  –  Immediate  and
consolidation settlement – Terzaghi's one dimensional consolidation theory – Governing
differential equation  –  Laboratory consolidation test – Field consolidation curve – NC
and OC clays – Problems on final and time rate of consolidation

UNIT IV        SHEAR STRENGTH                              9
Shear  strength  of  cohesive  and  cohesionless  soils  –  Mohr  –  Coulomb  failure  theory  –
Saturated soil and unsaturated soil (basics only) – Strength parameters – Measurement of
shear  strength,  direct  shear,  triaxial  compression,  unconfined  compressive  strength  and
vane shear tests –Types of shear tests based on drainage and their applicability – Drained
and undrained behaviour of clay and sand – Stress path for conventional triaxial test.

UNIT V          SLOPE STABILITY                     10
Slope failure mechanisms – Modes – Infinite slopes – Finite slopes – Total and effective
stress analysis – Stability analysis for purely cohesive and c-φ soils–  Method of slices –
Modified  Bishop’s  method  –  Friction  circle  method  –  Stability  number  –  Problems  –
Slope protection measures. 

Total: 45 

1.        Gopal  Ranjan  and  Rao  A.S.R.,  “Basic  and  Applied  Soil  Mechanics”,  New  Age
International Publishers, 2000.
2.        Khan, I.H., “A Text Book of Geotechnical Engineering”, Prentice Hall of India,

1.        Coduto, D.P., “Geotechnical Engineering Principles and Practices”, Prentice Hall
of India, 2002.
2.        McCarthy,   D.F.,   “Essentials   of   Soil   Mechanics   and   Foundations   Basic
Geotechniques”, 6th Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2002.
3.        Das,  B.M.,  “Principles  of  Geotechnical  Engineering”,  5th  Edition,  Thomas
Books/ Cole, 2002.
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