CE1205 – SURVEYING I

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CE1205  –  SURVEYING I
L    T     P    C
3    0      0    3
UNIT I           INTRODUCTION AND CHAIN SURVEYING                                     8
Definition – Principles – Classification – Field and office work – Scales – Conventional
signs  –  Survey  instruments  –  their  care  and  adjustment  –  Ranging  and  chaining  –
Reciprocal ranging – Setting perpendiculars -well – conditioned triangles – Traversing –
Plotting – Enlarging and reducing figures.

UNIT II          COMPASS SURVEYING AND PLANE TABLE SURVEYING         7
Prismatic compass – Surveyor’s compass – Bearing – Systems and conversions – Local
attraction – Magnetic declination – Dip – Traversing – Plotting – Adjustment of errors –
Plane table instruments and accessories – Merits and demerits – Methods – Radiation –
Intersection – Resection – Traversing.

UNIT III        LEVELLING AND APPLICATIONS                               12
Level line – Horizontal line – Levels and staves – Spirit level – Sensitiveness – Bench
marks – Temporary and permanent adjustments – Fly and check levelling – Booking –
Reduction  –  Curvature  and  refraction  –  Reciprocal  levelling  –  Longitudinal  and  cross
sections  –  Plotting  –  Calculation  of  areas  and  volumes  –  Contouring  –  Methods  –
Characteristics  and  uses  of  contours  –  Plotting  –  Earth  work  volume  –  Capacity  of
reservoirs.

UNIT IV        THEODOLITE SURVEYING                          8
Theodolite – Vernier and microptic – Description and uses – Temporary and permanent
adjustments  of  vernier  transit  –  Horizontal  angles  –  Vertical  angles  –  Heights  and
distances  –  Traversing  –  Closing  error  and  distribution  –  Gale’s  tables  –  Omitted
measurements.

UNIT V          ENGINEERING SURVEYS                  10
Reconnaissance – preliminary and location surveys for engineering projects – Lay out –
Setting  out  works  –  Route  Surveys  for  highways  –  Railways  and  waterways  –  Curve
ranging – Horizontal and vertical curves – Simple curves  – Setting with chain and tapes
– tangential angles by theodolite – Double theodolite – Basic concept of Compound and
reverse curves – Transition curves – Functions and requirements – Setting out by offsets
and angles – Vertical curves – Sight distances.        
  Total: 45
TEXT BOOKS
1.         Bannister A. and Raymond S., “Surveying”, ELBS, 6th Edition, 1992.
2.         Kanetkar   T.P.,   “Surveying   and   Levelling”,   Vol.   I   and   II,   United   Book
Corporation, Pune, 1994.

REFERENCES
1.         Heribert Kahmen and Wolfgang Faig,  “Surveying”, Walter de Gruyter, 1995.
2.        James  M.  Anderson  and  Edward  M.  Mikhail,  “Introduction  to  Surveying”,  
McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1985.
3.         Punmia B.C., “Surveying”, Vol. I, II and III, Laxmi Publications, 2007
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