CE1201 – APPLIED GEOLOGY

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CE1201  –  APPLIED GEOLOGY
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UNIT I           GENERAL GEOLOGY                          9
Geology in civ il Engineering – Branches of geology – Earth Structures and composition
– Elementary knowledge on continental drift and plate technologies – Earth processes –
Weathering  –  Work  of  rivers,  wind  and  sea  and  their  engineering  importance  –
Earthquake  belts  in  India  –  Groundwater  –  Mode  of  occurrence  –  Prospecting  –
importance in civil engineering

UNIT II          MINERALOGY                             9
Elementary  knowledge  on  symmetry  elements  of  important  crystallographic  systems  –
Physical properties of minerals – Study of the following rock forming minerals – Quartz
family  –  Feldpar  family  –  Augite,  hornblende,  biotite,  muscovite,  calcite,  garnet  –
properties – behaviour and engineering significance of clay minerals – Fundamentals of
process of formation of ore minerals – Coal and petroleum – Their origin and occurrence
in India.

UNIT III        PETROLOGY                                9
Classification  of  rocks  –  Distinction  between  igneous,  sedimentary  and  metamorphic
rocks  –  Description  occurrence,  engineering  properties  and  distribution  of  following
rocks – Igneous rocks – Granite, syenite , diorite , gabbro , pegmatite, dolerite and basalt
sedimentary  rocks  sandstone  –  Limestone,  shale  conglo,  conglomerate  and  breccia.
Metamorphic rocks – Quartizite, marble, slate, phyllite, gniess and schist.

UNIT IV        STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICAL METHOD         9                        
Attitude  of  beds  –  Outcrops  –  Introduction  to  geological  maps    Study  of  structures  –
Folds,  faults  and  joints  –  Their  bearing  on  engineering  construction  –  Seismic  and
electrical methods for civil engineering investigations.

UNIT V          GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING      9
Remote sensing techniques – Study of air photos and satellite images – Interpretation for
civil Engineering projects – Geological conditions necessary for construction of dams -
Tunnels  –  Buildings  –  Road  cuttings  –  Land  slides  –  Causes  and  preventions  –  Sea
erosion and coastal protection.

                Total: 45
TEXT BOOKS
1.         Parbin  Singh,  “Engineering  and  General  Geology”,  Katson  Publication  House,
1987.
2.         Krynine  and  Judd,  “Engineering  Geology  and  Geotechniques”,  McGraw-Hill
Book Company, 1990

REFERENCES
1.         Legeet, “Geology and Engineering”, McGraw-Hill Book Company 1998
2.         Blyth, “Geology for Engineers”, ELBS, 1995.
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